The width of the oven floor is in theory equal to 3/4 of its length. Broader ovens are more difficult to heat; deeper ovens make the process of putting in dough balls and removing the baked loafs of bread from the oven, more difficult.
The oven floor is typically egg shaped to improve the air circulation. By means of length and width of the oven floor and the base of the catenary arch we can determine the egg shape.
Drawing by Carlo Vande Walle