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How many loaves of bread?
How many loaves of bread do you want to bake in your oven? Before you start building your bread oven, you will first have to choose how many loaves you want to bake in one session. This is important for the measurements of the oven. The MOT designed a building plan for a good functioning oven, based on data from literature (see bibliography). We opted for a smaller bread oven in which you can bake about 8 loaves of bread (diameter approx. 25 cm; approx. 800 gr) in one session. Measurements of the oven ( from VANDENDAEL: 274):
Measurements of the substructure
Measurements of the substructure Size of the substructure Now that we know the size of the oven floor and the shape of the vault, we can calculate the measurements of the substructure: For the length we need the sum of: the thickness of the wall of the oven mouth (approx. 20 cm) + the length of the oven floor + the thickness of the vault ( approx. 20 cm) + the thickness of the insulation layer ( approx. 10 cm) + if necessary, the thickness of the outer wall ( approx. 20 cm), depending on if you close the rear side or not For the width we need the sum of: 2 x the thickness of the outer wall ( 2 x approx. 10-20 cm) + The width of the oven floor + 2 x the thickness of the vault ( 2 x approx. 20 cm) + 2 x the thickness of the insulation layer (2 x approx. 10 cm) + 2 x open space...
Measurements of the oven mouth
Measurements of the oven mouth The size of the oven mouth is a personal choice and depends on the use of the oven. Is it only for baking bread and pies or do you also want to use it for making pizza and roasting meat? In the last case, the oven mouth has to be made wider and higher to be able to put in and take out of the oven, pizza’s and grills. Yet there are some general rules: The width of the oven mouth is always in proportion to the size of the oven floor so that the whole floor surface remains accessible. It is usually between 40 cm and 85 cm; The height of the oven mouth cannot be lower than 63 % of the maximum height of the vault. This is to ensure, during stoking, a better smoke duct and therefore a permanent air current, necessary for a good combustion. It is for that same reason that the oven vault’s façade is as high as the oven mouth. If this is not the case, then the smoke in the oven will start to precipitate and it will...
Construction hook
Construction hook This text can only be consulted in Dutch.
Concrete slab encasing
Concrete slab encasing This text can only be consulted in Dutch.
Chimney size
Chimney size This text can only be consulted in Dutch.
Chopped straw
Chopped straw This text can only be consulted in Dutch.
Layers of headers and strechers
Measuring layers of headers and strechers This text can only be consulted in Dutch.
Masonry profiles
Levelling masonry profiles This text can only be consulted in Dutch.
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