MOT V 2000.0473 L=46cm WD=25cm WT=1000gr
The fireman's axe mainly serves to break open doors and windows, but it is used for all kinds of purposes (1).
Today it closely resembles a woodman's axe. The straight handle often ends in a small sphere to provide a better grip. Often there is a notch at the bottom of the blade to pull out nails and a spring strengthens the connection with the stem (2).
Very common is a pointed axe, i.e. an axe with a heavy point opposite the edge (3). Here too one or two springs are often found. Today there are firefighter's axes made of a non-sparking alloy. The stem can be short (about 35 cm) or long (about 80-90 cm). The short handle often has slight bumps along its entire length to provide a better grip; when isolated, it is usually serrated. The handle of some models ends in a heavy iron point. [MOT]
(2) In most countries there are official standards for fireman's axes. In Belgium it is the N.B.N. 395, issued in 1955.
(3) When such an axe is reused (by a craftsman), the point is sometimes sawn off to obtain a hammer.