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??? What are these question marks doing here? These represent tools which we know by a Dutch or French term, but for which we couldn't find a proper English term. Suggestions for a name are always welcome!

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Showing search results  1 - 50 1,298 results found
Broad axe
The broad axe is used for shaping logs and heavy pieces of wood by hewing. It is also sometimes used to peel a tree. This axe weighs approximately 1.5-3.5 kg and is characterized by a wide blade (up to 40 cm) with one bevel. The stem is 25-40 cm long and is held with one or both hands. The trunk is first smeared (see chalk line) to indicate the shape to be obtained. If little wood has to be removed, the carpenter immediately proceeds to work with the broad axe; he stands next to the trunk and thus cuts in the direction of the fibers. If the sapwood is too thick, he chops notches in it with the felling axe (1) to about 0.5-1 cm from the line; the distance between the notches (90-180 cm) (2) depends on the type of wood and also on the piece (straight fibers or not). The wood between the notches is then cut away with the felling axe. The rough surface is cut evenly against the line with the broad axe. The broad axe is the iconic tool of the (ship) carpenter. The tool can be distinguished from the carpenter's axe....
Branding iron
Butter knife
Knife (approx. 15-18 cm) with a spatula-shaped, non-cutting blade, which is pointed or rounded at the end. With the butter knife you take a lump of butter from the butter dish and put it on the bread. See also butter spoon. [MOT]
Butcher's bone saw
Bones of slaughtered animals are cut into pieces with a butcher's saw. It has an elongated - often replaceable - saw blade (approx. 25-35 cm long) that is stretched in an arc-shaped frame with a straight handle or a pistol butt. See also the two-handed meat cleaver. [MOT]
Bung borer
Bruising mail
Bull leader
Bullnose plane
Breast auger
Butter cutter
Butter paddle
Picked from the churn, the extracted butter must be kneaded to work out the buttermilk. This kneading can be done by hand or with a butter paddle. This is a wooden hand tool with a flat, ribbed blade and a straight or T-shaped handle. [MOT]
Butter spoon
Wooden spoon (approx. 20 cm) with a ribbed, concave blade. It is used to take butter from a larger butter block. Sometimes it is also used for kneading and working up the butter, but usually this is done with a butter paddle. See also butter knife. [MOT]
Butcher knife
Larger pieces of meat are cut and shaped with a butcher knife. A butcher knife has a long (approx. 25-35 cm) and sturdy blade with a cut that is bent towards the end, ending in a sharp point. The wooden or plastic handle is shaped in such a way that the hand cannot slip when cutting. [MOT]
Bung key
Cabbage corer
Drill resembling a small nave borer (approx. 20 cm long) that is used to drill the core out of a cabbage before cutting it into pieces. [MOT]
Butter mold
Buttonhole scissors
Butter prints
When a bull is not ringed, the farmer can keep it under control with the help of a bullock-holder. He places the pliers on the septum in the nose and presses the arms closed. The bull must keep its head still so as not to be in pain. The jaws are wide and round. They end in two spheres so as not to hurt the septum. There is an eye on each end of the arm so that the farmer can tie a rope to it. There can also be a link through the eyes.Another model consists of two levers of the third type in which a ring or a spring slides over the arms to press or not close the jaws, sometimes a screw is also used for this.See also the bull leader. [MOT]
Button hook
The button hook is a small (approx. 10 cm) iron hook - often with a (decorated) iron, wooden, bone or ivory handle - with which the ladies' boots used to be tied (1). There is also a model with two hooks of different sizes. Another model is foldable.Sometimes the button hook is fitted with a shoehorn at the other end.See also pocket knife. [MOT](1) The button hook was sometimes used as a hook for eviscerating poultry (PETITPRERE: 2131). See further the folding hunting knife.EMMET: 187 states that the button hook was used for gloves.
Cabbage grater
Large vegetable plane (approx. 1 m long and 30 cm wide) with which you can slice half coals into fine pieces for the preparation of sauerkraut. She has several planer knives that are oblique to the axis of a large wooden board. A wooden tray without a bottom in which the half cabbage is placed, slides over the slicer. [MOT]
Cake tongs
The baker or the customer takes pastries from the counter with a shovel or with cake tongs. Her jaws are 3-5 cm wide and sometimes open. The tongs close around the pastry when the arms are pressed shut. The arms are not crossed. [MOT]
Bung drawer
Cable shears
Buttonhole pliers
Cake slicer
Cant hook
The cant hook serves to turn logs, sometimes beams (cf. ring dog and sappie). With a modern model, in particular the log jack (1), it is also possible to lift a trunk to cut it. The tool consists of a wooden rod of about 1.20-1.75 m, to which a heavy metal hook is attached by means of a ring. That hook revolves around a spindle. The bottom end is studded with a metal plate or ends in a metal tip that allows the tool to be pushed (2). Holes are sometimes drilled in the hook; it is then fixed by means of a bolt and can be adjusted. The cant hook is used like the ring dog except that the rod is attached to the ring. In general, two or three men work together. When working alone, sometimes two cant hooks are used that alternately roll the log further. The cant hook is mainly used in the sawmill or at the warehouse. The lumberjack prefers the lighter ring dog. [MOT] (1) FORBES 1961: 16.17; HUGGARD & OUWEN:...
Carpenter's axe
This designation indicates a number of different axe shapes, which are mainly used by carpenters. However, these axes are also used by other craftsmen, eg the mason to make scaffolding. It is usually an axe of about 0.6-1.2 kg, with an eye, two bevels and a hammer; the track of the latter is sometimes split in order to pull out nails. The stem is approx. 30 cm long. This axe is used for all kinds of purposes during construction: to cut a notch, make it shorter, hammer a nail, etc. The tool can be distinguished from the broad axe. See also the woodman's axe. [MOT]
Cable stripper knife
Carpenter's adze, straight blade
The carpenter's adze with straight blade
Candy dropper
Cake mould
Camping knife
Captive bolt pistol
Can opener
Can openers can also be combined with a bottle opener, a corkscrew or a pocket knife. See also can pierce. [MOT]
Carpet beater
Hand tool for beating carpets, which are then hung on a clothesline (1). It consists of a woven reed leaf (approx. 20 cm by 30 cm) and a straight reed stem (approx. 50 cm). Another model consists of a wooden handle (approx. 30 cm) to which a rubber loop (approx. 25 cm) is attached and another is made of pleated bamboo, which is tied together by means of iron wire. See also the clothes beater. [MOT] (1) There are also horsehair "pillow beaters" (DU CAJU: 240).
Carved wooden cookie mould
Wooden board with one or more carved figures - such as a drunkard, jester, Saint Nicholas, etc. The dimensions vary from 10 to 75 cm. First, the mould is sprinkled with rice flour or brushed with oil and then the dough is firmly pressed into the mould, cut and beaten to be able to bake it in the oven. The result is a gingerbread cookie, called 'speculaas' in the low countries, or a brown, very chewy cake of rye flour and syrup. [MOT]
Carpenter's carving gouge
This gouge is to be distinguished from the gouge of the joiner, the wheelwright's gouge and the clog maker's gouge.
Carriage maker's router plane
The coachmaker uses a special router plane for planing straight, concave or convex edges, for example on doors, and for making laterally curved wooden frames. More technical information on this page in dutch. [MOT]
Cartwright's compass
The cartwright's compass is a six-sided wooden block with three iron points in each direction. It serves the wheelwright to mark the diameter of the wheel hub in order to use the lathe and core the hub. [MOT]
Carpet cutter
Carpenter's adze, hollow cutting edge
Carpenter's pincers
The carpenter's pincers have strongly curved jaws to pull out nails. Their gripping surface has also been reduced to a minimum so that the jaws can possibly clamp under the head of the nail and penetrate slightly into the nail to get a better grip. Once the pincers hold the nail, they are used as a lever to pull out the nail. Sometimes a piece of wood is placed under the jaw to protect the wood surface. Some models have a square opening between the jaws for loosening nuts. One of the arms sometimes ends in a screwdriver, a sphere - to protect the hand - or a crow bar. In the latter case, the arm may be bent outwards because of too much pressure and the forceps were bent. The pliers are also sometimes used to cut metal wire, but the jaw is actually not sharpened enough for this purpose. It is better to use these thongs. Their mouth is sharper and more flattened than that of the carpenter's pincers. [MOT]
Carving knife
Large pieces of meat are pre-cut with a carving knife. It has a slightly flexible blade (approx. 25-30 cm long) with a sharp, sometimes curved point with which the meat can be cut loose from the bones. In the past, carving knives were quite wide so that the meat could also be served with them. Most carving knives have a 3/4 or full tongue. The handle can be made of all kinds of materials: plastic, wood, stag horn, stainless steel, silver or ivory. The stiffer knives serve to pre-cut beef, pork or lamb; slightly flexible knives are used for poultry. It is often used in conjunction with a carving fork. See also ham slicer. [MOT]
Carver's gouge
The cask-scrub is a brush used in a brewery to sand and wash the barrels on the inside. The working part is made of heather, baleen, etc. and attached to a wooden handle (approx. 100 cm). [MOT]