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??? What are these question marks doing here? These represent tools which we know by a Dutch or French term, but for which we couldn't find a proper English term. Suggestions for a name are always welcome!

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Showing search results  301 - 350 1,380 results found
Bill hook
This text about the bottle-brush can only be consulted in Dutch.
Bottom swage
Bread knife
Knife with a fairly rigid, straight and long (approx. 20-30 cm) blade, so that even large breads can be cut. You can also cut a cake horizontally with it to spread a layer of whipped cream, pudding, etc. The bread was often cut on the breast, so with the cut towards you. That's why bread knives were made with a hook-shaped handle so that the hand would not slip. In order to be able to exert a greater force with less effort, knives were also made with a support for the forearm (1) or with loose supports through which the blade protruded. There is also a more or less sickle-shaped bread knife with a smooth edge that was also used on the chest. The cut can be smooth, wavy (2) or serrated (see also frozen-food knife knife and snow saw). With teeth it is easier to get through the crust. There are also bread knives that have a cut on both sides, eg one wavy and one with teeth. To facilitate regular cutting, guides were made that could be attached to the blade of any knife and knives with built-in guides. In the past,...
Branding iron
Bread plane
The bread plane (1) is used to shave and crumble small pieces of hardened bread. Originally, this was done to thicken cooking liquid or broth with crumbled bread, the soupe (2). The tool was mainly spread in France in the nineteenth century in places where fresh bread could not be baked often or not all year round. See also the bread slicer. [MOT] (1) Proper name unknown. Derived from French 'rabot à pain'.
Box spanner
Bottom glazer
Box iron
Brick hammer
Breast drill
Breast auger
Broad axe
The broad axe is used for squaring logs and heavy pieces of wood by hewing. It is also sometimes used to peel a tree. This axe weighs approximately 1.5-3.5 kg and is characterized by a wide blade (up to 40 cm) with one bevel. The stem is 25-40 cm long and is held with one or both hands. The trunk is first smeared (see chalk line) to indicate the shape to be obtained. If little wood has to be removed, the carpenter immediately proceeds to work with the broad axe; he stands next to the trunk and thus cuts in the direction of the fibers. If the sapwood is too thick, he chops notches in it with the felling axe (1) to about 0.5-1 cm from the line; the distance between the notches (90-180 cm) (2) depends on the type of wood and also on the piece (straight fibers or not). The wood between the notches is then cut away with the felling axe. The rough surface is cut evenly against the line with the broad axe. The broad axe is the iconic tool of the (ship) carpenter. The tool can be distinguished from the carpenter's axe....
Bleacher's shovel
Wooden, long (approx. 2-2.15 m) gutter-shaped shovel with which the bleacher sprayed the linnen - which was spread out on the meadow - with water from the ditch. The combination of the sunlight, the grass on which the linnen was laid and the water made the gray linnen white in colour. In Germany a copper spoon which somewhat resembles the liquid manure scoop, or a watering can was used for this purpose (1). See also the mud scuppit. [MOT] (1) "Die grosse Wäsche'': 161.
Beet topping hoe
Budding knife
Briquette mould
This text can only be consulted in Dutch. This mould for charcoal briquettes is to be distinguished from some metal models of the brick mould. See also the briquette press. [MOT]
Brick mould
Bottom fuller
Bread stamp
Box hook
Metal S-shaped hook (approx. 30 cm) with straight or T-handle, used by the porter in ports to "move strong boxes or crates and other goods when the packaging and contents are not damaged" (1). It can be distinguished from the cotton hook and the wood hook. [MOT] (1) JANSE: 27.
Bung key
Bung borer
Bung drawer
Bruising mail
Bull leader
Bunghole brush
Bullnose plane
Briquette press
The briquette press is a pair of tongs to compress paper pulp into rectangular briquettes, which serve as fuel for the fire. Domestic models consist of a rectangular iron container, which is filled with cut paper and cardboard, which has been soaked in water. A matching iron grid is placed on it and pressed firmly by pressing a lever of two side brackets together. Once the briquette has been formed, it can be pushed out by hand from the bottom. According to the same principle, there are also presses to compress sawdust and wood chips, for example. [MOT]
Butter cutter
Butter paddle
Picked from the churn, the extracted butter must be kneaded to work out the buttermilk. This kneading can be done by hand or with a butter paddle. This is a wooden hand tool with a flat, ribbed blade and a straight or T-shaped handle. [MOT]
Butter knife
Knife (approx. 15-18 cm) with a spatula-shaped, non-cutting blade, which is pointed or rounded at the end. With the butter knife you take a lump of butter from the butter dish and put it on the bread. See also butter spoon. [MOT]
Butter spoon
Wooden spoon (approx. 20 cm) with a ribbed, concave blade. It is used to take butter from a larger butter block. Sometimes it is also used for kneading and working up the butter, but usually this is done with a butter paddle. See also butter knife. [MOT]
Butcher knife
Larger pieces of meat are cut and shaped with a butcher knife. A butcher knife has a long (approx. 25-35 cm) and sturdy blade with a cut that is bent towards the end, ending in a sharp point. The wooden or plastic handle is shaped in such a way that the hand cannot slip when cutting. [MOT]
Butcher's bone saw
Bones of slaughtered animals are cut into pieces with a butcher's saw. It has an elongated - often replaceable - saw blade (approx. 25-35 cm long) that is stretched in an arc-shaped frame with a straight handle or a pistol butt. See also the two-handed meat cleaver. [MOT]
Butter mold
Butter prints
Cable stripper knife
Cabbage grater
Large vegetable plane (approx. 1 m long and 30 cm wide) with which you can slice half coals into fine pieces for the preparation of sauerkraut. She has several planer knives that are oblique to the axis of a large wooden board. A wooden tray without a bottom in which the half cabbage is placed, slides over the slicer. [MOT]
Cabbage corer
Drill resembling a small nave borer (approx. 20 cm long) that is used to drill the core out of a cabbage before cutting it into pieces. [MOT]
Cable shears
Buttonhole scissors
Cake slicer
Cake mould
Cant hook
The cant hook serves to turn logs, sometimes beams (cf. ring dog and sappie). With a modern model, in particular the log jack (1), it is also possible to lift a trunk to cut it. The tool consists of a wooden rod of about 1.20-1.75 m, to which a heavy metal hook is attached by means of a ring. That hook revolves around a spindle. The bottom end is studded with a metal plate or ends in a metal tip that allows the tool to be pushed (2). Holes are sometimes drilled in the hook; it is then fixed by means of a bolt and can be adjusted. The cant hook is used like the ring dog except that the rod is attached to the ring. In general, two or three men work together. When working alone, sometimes two cant hooks are used that alternately roll the log further. The cant hook is mainly used in the sawmill or at the warehouse. The lumberjack prefers the lighter ring dog. [MOT] (1) FORBES 1961: 16.17; HUGGARD & OUWEN:...
Carpenter's axe
This designation indicates a number of different axe shapes, which are mainly used by carpenters. However, these axes are also used by other craftsmen, eg the mason to make scaffolding. It is usually an axe of about 0.6-1.2 kg, with an eye, two bevels and a hammer; the track of the latter is sometimes split in order to pull out nails. The stem is approx. 30 cm long. This axe is used for all kinds of purposes during construction: to cut a notch, make it shorter, hammer a nail, etc. The tool can be distinguished from the broad axe. See also the woodman's axe. [MOT]
Carpenter's carving gouge
This text can only be consulted in Dutch. This gouge is to be distinguished from the gouge of the joiner, the wheelwright's gouge and the clog maker's gouge. [MOT]