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??? What are these question marks doing here? These represent tools which we know by a Dutch or French term, but for which we couldn't find a proper English term. Suggestions for a name are always welcome!

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Wooden or metal wedge - today made of plastic - usually with a concave top surface and a wooden handle or a metal bracket. The stop block is placed against the wheel of a vehicle to slow down or stop it. Implements for the railways are made according to plan from oak or elm; the stem (approx. 90 cm), made of ash or acacia (1). [MOT] (1) ''Kleine houten voorwerpen'': 3.
Large wooden rake with wide teeth that are widely spaced, with which the sand heap is regularly worked to allow the sand to dry more quickly. There are also sand rakes (1) with metal teeth, as well as a combination rake and puller. [EMABB] (1) Proper English name yet unknown
The electrician uses these safety fuse pliers to install and remove fuse cartridges. Depending on the type of cartridge - eg cylindrical cartridge, glass fuse CEHESS, etc. - and thus also on the number of volts, a different model of pliers is used. The tool consists of a plastic, formerly Bakelite, pliers (approx. 20 cm) with rounded jaws. Sometimes a rubber sleeve is included for handling glass fuses. For the cartridges of heavy fuses (up to 12000 V) formerly used in small processing plants (of eg lighting fixtures) a long (approx. 115 cm) (1) wooden tongs with porcelain insulators on the arms were used. The pliers may or may not be provided with a grounding in the form of a cable. See also the key for safety fuse type DIAZED. [MOT] (1) E & E: 353; mentions that these pliers come in two sizes and also shows another model.
Monoxil (usually beech or willow) knife-shaped hand tool to rid the stone form of the remnants of clay and sand after each stone made. Sometimes a piece of iron was used for the same purpose. [EMABB]
Body file
Body file for the bodywork of a vehicle. For more technical information, see the dutch version of this page. [MOT]
This porter's tool is a wooden lever with an iron lip for tipping metal barrels. The lip catches the bilge of the barrel. [MOT]
Smelling bone
The smell is an important criterion when inspecting dried ham. The smelling bone (1) is used for this, an awl-shaped tool made from the fibula of a horse, which is porous and therefore absorbs the odors.The horse bone is inserted into the ham in certain places and the smell is then sniffed by the inspector, who tastes the aromas of the ham in the throat. [MOT](1) No English equivalent found. In French the Latin word spilatula is used. Italians speak of 'ago d'osso di cavallo'.
Starter wrench
Double 12-sided ring spanner at the end of an arc-shaped rod. The shape of that rod makes it possible to loosen and tighten hard-to-reach nuts. The starter wrench is available in different sizes (10-22 mm). [MOT]
During surgery, the doctor can pull certain parts of the body towards him with these claw forceps. The jaws end in sharp inward-facing hooks that interlock like two teeth. Often these pliers can be locked in different positions by means of a bracket and hooks. The two parts can be easily separated for cleaning. [MOT]
These automotive pliers allow you to hold, tighten or loosen something. One of the arms can be moved sideways to obtain a larger opening width. These pliers are often in the tool bag in the car. [MOT]
For those who have difficulty chewing, they have devised tongs that divide the meat into small pieces. The jaws of the masticator consist of three rods, which fit between each other. Two or three teeth prevent the chewed piece from slipping. A spring ensures the automatic opening of the hand tool. The rotating spindle can be removed to clean the pliers. [MOT]
Aglet pliers
The shoemaker fixes the aglet on shoelaces with these pliers. He places this iron band on the lace to prevent it from fraying and to make it easier to thread. The jaws are slightly hollowed out for the curve of the aglet.See also the lace-tag fitter. [MOT]
Valve spring pliers
In a petrol engine, springs keep the valves closed. If you want to work on those valves, you have to keep the spring compressed. To have the hands free, one uses valve spring pliers. Her jaws are forked to fit on the stem of the valve. The mouth opens when you press on the arms. In some models, the jaws always remain parallel to each other. A rack and hook prevent it from closing. Valve spring pliers are to be distinguised from battery clamp pliers. [MOT]
tyre spreader
The garage owner uses the tyre spreader to check the inside of the tyre. This is necessary after any repair to the inner tube, as it is quite possible that sharp parts are still sticking through the tyre. Fractions can also be determined. If the tyre is not too stiff, you can bend it apart with your hands. A belt spreader is necessary for larger tyres. With the adjusting screw it is possible to fix the tyre spreader at any position. [MOT]
The optician can easily hold spectacle lenses with these spectacle forceps. The jaws consist of two round plates, which are covered with rubber on the inside. This way, the glasses are not damaged and you have a better grip on them. One jaw is mounted on a spring, so that the pressure is applied more gently to the glass. This jaw can also move slightly up or down. The other jaw is slightly larger and hollow on the inside for the convex side of the glass. A spring opens the pliers automatically. [MOT]
Parallel pliers
With parallel pliers you can clamp flat metal or metal wire without damaging it. The jaws always remain parallel so that even with thick material all the force is distributed over the entire jaw. The teeth are flat on the material. Springs are fitted in the legs to open the pliers. Some pliers are equipped with a wire cutter. [MOT]
This mason's tool is an elongated wedge-shaped iron with a sharp edge that the mason uses to cut bricks to size by hitting it with brick hammer. Often the man clamps the stone between his knees (1). The tool is very similar to the farrier's toe knife. [MOT]
Carver's mallet (metal)
Metal carver's mallet is a metal hammer with a short handle (approx. 10 cm) in the center of the base of a cylinder or the top of a truncated cone, as with the wooden carver's mallet. It can also be square with sides that diverge wider towards the end of the hammer head. With this mallet you can give powerful blows and it is mainly used on hard stone types in combination with a chisel. See also the stonemason's hammer. [MOT]
This tool places a capsule - i.e. a metal cap with pegs at the bottom (1) - over the spigot of a wine barrel, so that it is sealed and ready for transport. The tool is knocked with a hammer and the capsule is driven into the wine barrel. (1) The capsule can be marked with the mark (number) of the seller or with motifs related to wine growing such as a bunch of grapes. Yellow capsules are used for white wine, while red capsules are used for red wine (BRUNET 1925: 262).
With a salmon picker you can easily scoop up and serve fish fillets. It is an elongated (approx. 25 cm), fork-shaped plastic hand tool with a straight handle. The two jaws are very close to each other, so that just a thin fish fillet can fit in between. One jaw is flat with a pointed end; the other is slightly shorter, round and also with a narrower end. The flat jaw is slid under the fish, which is now stuck between both jaws and can be served as such. It can be removed from the salmon picker with a fork. [MOT]
The plumber uses this S-shaped blunt chisel, often with a curved cut, to drive lead and work, i.e., fluffed ropes, into the collar of a cast iron pipe so that it is watertight. It is struck with a hammer. [MOT]
Stave splitter
Chestnut skin tongs
After the husk and skin of the chestnut have been removed, the small membrane of the skin of the fruit must be detached. This can be done by pouring the fruits into a kettle of boiling water and making cutting and twisting movements with these chestnut skin tongs (1). Friction and heat loosen the membrane.The chestnut fleece pliers consist of two approx. 35-60 cm long wooden rods that are connected approximately in the middle by a (copper) screw. The bars are square in section and have triangular notches on the four edges for a better grip on the chestnuts. The part of the bars that acts as a handle is square or round in cross section. [MOT](1) The proper name of these particular tongs in English is yet unknown.
Stud tap
Stud tap for removable studs on a horse
Cheese cutting knife
Cheese cutting knife. See also the cheese knife and cheese cutter.
Croquette press
Kitchen appliance with which you can press croquettes. It has a cylindrical or square, usually plastic housing with one or more tubular projections at the bottom and a rotating crank or rod that acts as a lever.The croquette press is filled with mashed potatoes and with the help of the crank or rod a plate is pushed downwards, the mashed dough presses through the tubular projection. In this way a long sausage shape is formed, which is then cut into smaller pieces - the size of one croquette.On some models there is a carrying board on wheels that is slid under the press and on which the pressed croquettes end up. [MOT]
A polishing brush is used to polish parquet floors. This is a short-haired brush that is located under a metal, rectangular plate that is attached to a long (approx. 1.30 m), wooden or metal handle. When the wax-rubbed parquet floor is almost dry, it is rubbed on with a polishing brush until it is nice and shiny. [MOT]
Bush hammer
Hammer with an elongated hammer head (approx. 10-20 cm long, approx. 2-5 cm wide) made of hardened steel with pyramid-shaped pointed teeth on both faces and a wooden handle (approx. 30-40 cm), for flattening natural stone. This type of stone finishing is called bushing. From the 17th century onwards, the bush hammer was used for hard stone types, never for soft stone or marble. Because the tips wear out quickly, there are models with interchangeable heads. The disadvantage of this tool is that it sometimes causes cracks that make the stone weather faster. See also the bouchard (chisel). [MOT]
Glazing lever
The glazier can easily lift a large window with a glazing lever. It has a stem (approx. 20 cm) with a rectangular, thick (approx. 2-3 cm) blade with one straight and one sloping side attached to it. The tool is slid under the glass with the sloping side down; once under the glass, the stem is pushed down and the glass comes up. The glazing lever can be monoxile or plastic with a wooden handle. [MOT]
Seal comb
The seal comb is a metal, elongated (approx. 15 cm) comb with relatively short (approx. 5-7 mm) and fine (approx. 1 mm) teeth that the furrier uses to process short-haired or shaved furs, including seals and lions, to comb out irregularities and to thin out the branches that have been made. See also furrier's comb. [MOT]
Match striker
Stone pot (approx. 10 cm in diameter; approx. 10 cm high) in the shape of a truncated cone or sphere (approx. 7 cm in diameter), with a horizontally ribbed or rough outside along which a match is struck to make it catch fire (1).At the top of the pot there is a cavity in which the matches are placed upright. A saucer (approx. 13 cm in diameter) has been placed under the convex ironing pot to place the burnt matches on. [MOT](1) That only works with old matches; today's safety matches will not catch fire if they are stroked over the ribs.
Welt knife
The welt knife is a shoemaker's hand tool that evenly cuts the overhanging leather on the sole. It has an S-shaped curved top with a cut and a small protrusion of a few millimeters at the head end, fixed in a wooden handle. The blade can also have a bent edge on one long side. In some models the working part is protected with a wooden sheath.See also the welt cutter. [MOT]
Lice comb
A lice comb is a plastic, horn or metal comb with very fine (about 1 mm) teeth that stand against each other. It is used to remove nits from hair. Because the teeth are against each other, the nits cannot get through and they are combed out of the hair. [MOT]
Alum stone clip
If you want to rub the skin with alum after shaving, you can clamp the alum stone in a special clip. It has a jaw with a right-angled edge with triangular teeth, which is adjustable by means of a screw. [MOT]
Puree strainer to mash potatoes.
This pottery turning hook is a manual tool with a right angle blade (approx. 2 cm by 0.5-1 cm) that can take different shapes: rectangular with or without rounded corners, triangular, etc. It can be made entirely of metal or have a wooden handle . There may also be a spatula-shaped blade at the other end. The turning tool is used by the potter to update the shape of a turned pot while turning. If it is held against the pot, a certain amount of clay is cut off. [MOT]
Glue comb
This manual tool consists of a sturdy, rectangular, steel blade that has relatively short (approx. 2-3 mm) and wide (approx. 2-3 mm) rectangular teeth at the bottom and which is set in the top a hollow metal handle in cross section. It is used, among other things, by the tiler to spread glue. [MOT
Bouchard (chisel)
Chisel with one or more rows of pyramid-shaped pointed teeth, similar to the head of a bush hammer, for flattening natural stone. The stonecutter uses this chisel together with a metal carver's mallet to smooth uneven surfaces of natural stone, and can therefore work much more accurately than with a bush hammer. [MOT]
The cigarette filler is a manual tool with which one can fill empty filter cigarettes with tobacco. It is an elongated (approx. 10 cm long) metal cylinder (approx. 1 cm in diameter) with an extendable tube that can be opened and filled with tobacco. Once filled it is closed and an empty cigarette case is slid over it. When the tube is pushed back into the cylinder - where there is a plate that acts as a tamper at the bottom end - the tobacco ends up in the cigarette case. More modern models are made of plastic. [MOT]
Thrush poaching tool
This poaching tool was used in some regions in Belgium and France to catch thrushes or catbirds by cutting the bark of a tree to stretch a bow. The catbirds are attracted with berries. The equivalent English name of this tool is unknown. More technical information on this page in dutch. [MOT]
Cobweb brush
Brush - sometimes made of goat hair - in the shape of a sphere or hemisphere or around a triangular bracket, attached to a long wooden or plastic handle that is often extendable (up to approx. 3 m) and is used to remove spider silk. [MOT]
Garden riddle
Flower bulbs or tubers, regular in shape, can be sorted by circumference, expressed in sieve size, by means of a garden riddle (1). The sieve openings are a little larger than the actual circumference measurement, especially if the shape is slightly irregular, as with tulips.The garden sieve consists of a number of separate wooden sieve plates (approx. 60 cm) in which there are holes of different diameters (approx. 2.5 cm; 3.5 cm; 4 cm; 4.5 cm). These rectangular or round plates fit in a wooden holder with which you can sort the bulbs or tubers in ascending size while shaking. [MOT](1) Bulbs and tubers that are irregular in shape (and also rhizomes) are also sorted by size, expressed in 1st, 2nd and 3rd size but this is mainly done by hand.
The bag binder is primarily used, among others by the farmer and the miller, to close (large) bags with a thin (approx. 1 mm) iron wire that is provided with a loop at both ends where the hook-shaped end of the bag binder is picked up. . By pulling the (spring back) handle over the screw thread, the binding wire is twisted together. The steel bender also uses the bag binder to bind the reinforcing bars - eg floor slabs - together into a net. A wire is tied around every intersection. [MOT]
Hand tool that the bookbinder uses to decorate and gild leather-bound books. It has a T-shaped, often copper blade, the narrow (about a few mm) end of which is slightly curved and provided with a fillet motif, fixed in a wooden handle. After heating, the pallet is pressed on the (gilded) leather to obtain a fillet pattern. See also the type holder. [MOT]
This rice knife is an extremely light (approx. 20-60 gr) knife with which women in Indonesia harvest rice. It has a small (approx. 5-7 cm by 1-2 cm) and very light (max. 5 gr), slightly convex blade, set in a bamboo handle at the top. Transverse to the top of the handle a bamboo stick - sometimes pointed on one side - is placed, which is held in the handle; this makes the knife more comfortable in the hand. Because you have to harvest ear by ear with this knife, it is possible to select the ripe ears in the same field and leave the others standing for a while. [MOT]
Apple slicer
A kitchen utensil to core an apple and divide it into wedges at the same time. The blades (8 to 14) are positioned like spokes in a wheel (approx. 10 cm in diameter), with the drill as the hub. The circular, aluminum frame has two handles. The apple slicer is placed on top of an apple and pushed down.See also the pineapple wedger. [MOT]
Apple corer
The apple corer
The auger is a hand tool for drilling holes, consisting of a crank and a drill or bit. The 20 to 50 cm long handle (see nave borer and pump rip bit) is made of wood, sometimes metal. The auger is used by many woodworkers; hence the variety in names. See also the breast auger, gimlet, bell drill, bung borer, cooper's bung borer, clog maker's drill, first bit.
Absinth spoon
Spoon made of silver-plated, tin-plated or nickel-plated metal - approx. 15 to 18 cm long - with holes used to sweeten absinthe. In the spoon - which is placed horizontally on a glass of absinthe - some sugar is placed and sprinkled with water. Another model is a spoon without holes, the handle of which is interrupted by a surface with holes. After the absinthe has been sugared, you can stir it with a spoon. [MOT]
Ball iron (hand)
Shoemakers use the ball iron and egg iron (hand) to apply pressure to the inside of a shoe when something needs to be glued there. The ball iron should not be confused with the training fighting knife and the embossing tool. See also ball iron and egg iron on a stand. [MOT]