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??? What are these question marks doing here? These represent tools which we know by a Dutch or French term, but for which we couldn't find a proper English term. Suggestions for a name are always welcome!

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Showing search results  151 - 200 1,295 results found
Little digging fork
Small and light digging fork for crumbling the soil around trees and shrubs in the garden. It is also suitable for working in borders, flower beds and planters. Sports grass pitch maintainers use this fork to allow water to penetrate into moist areas of a lawn by poking holes in the ground to make the field suitable for playing.   This tool can be distinguished from the weeding fork that has a shorter (approx. 15-20 cm) stem and is therefore used while squatting. [MOT]
Lock mortise chisel
The lock mortise chisel is a curved chisel to hollow out small holes such as lock mortises. The bevel is very sharp to offer as little resistance as possible. [MOT]
Legget (thatcher)
English translation in progress. You can find more technical information about the legget of a thatcher on this page in dutch. [MOT]
Marking adze
This marking adze is an axe (1) with hammer - to be distinguished from the marking hammer of a lumberman - bearing the stamp of the owner of the forest or of the timber merchant. The forest ranger in particular uses this hand tool to mark trees (2). On the base or at about 1.20 m, a piece of bark is cut away with the ax and the stamp is struck on the white spot. Felled trees are marked on the cross-section, the ax is then useless. Conversely, sometimes only a strip of bark is cut off and then the stamp is not used; in the latter case, any ax can be used. [MOT] (1) Marking adze or marking axe. Both names are given synonymously for marking hammer (SALAMAN: 229). (2) The percussion stamp is rarely used for this (see, however, CHERBLANC who speaks of a broche à timbrer).
Marble pincers
Marble pinchers (1) are used by the marble worker to pinch off pieces of marble slabs (up to 3 cm thick) (2). The irregularities are then removed with the flat chisel. The marble pinchers consist of two wide (approx. 3 cm) jaws with a sharp cut parallel to each other and at right angles to the plane of the tool. The opening between the two jaws can be adjusted by adjusting screws from about 0.5 cm to about 3 cm. The arms consist of double levers. See also tongs for roof tiles and tile cutter pliers. [MOT] (1) proper name unknown. (2) a pitcher is used with hard stones and marble slabs thicker than 3 cm to knock off the excess stone with the help of a stonemason's hammer.
Long-handled halfmoon billhook
Billhook attached to a 1-2 m long handle. The cut is usually curved or hooked. The long-handled billhook is used to chop off blackberries, nettles and thorny bushes, and to trim trees along roads and streams, among other things. Some are called halfmoon, because off their specific shape. [MOT]
Marking gauge
The marking gauge (1) is to be distinguished from the cutting gauge and the scratch stock. More technical information on the dutch version of this page. [MOT] (1) ODATE: 26 translates the Japanse double marking gauge in "sickle gauge".
Marlingspike / Fid
(1) (1) Marlingspike applies to the metal model; fid applies to the wooden model.
Masonry drill
Mincing knife
This text can only be consulted in Dutch.
Miner's axe
The mine timberer works all the mine wood with his axe. It is a hand tool of approx. 1 - 1.2 kg with usually a curved handle (approx. 40 cm), the edge of which (approx. 6 cm; the riveted iron is wider: approx. 9 cm) diagonally opposite the stem. The iron is made of one or two pieces. In the first case it is asymmetrical at the top and sometimes ends opposite the blade in a square hammer. In the other case, a rectangular blade is riveted to a U-shaped piece. The latter serves as an eye. [MOT]
Mortar hoe
Nail driver
With the nail driver you can drive small nails without a hammer. It consists of a metal hollow shaft with spring mechanism that sticks into a wooden or plastic handle. The nail is inserted into the hollow shaft. By giving a firm blow to the head - which is wider and rounded - by hand, the nail goes into the material in one movement. [MOT]
Mustard spoon
A small (approx. 10-15 cm long), spherical (approx. 1.5 cm diameter) wooden spoon with which mustard powder can be served (1). For serving mustard in pasta form, there are wooden, bone, ceramic, metal mustard spatulas or spoons. [MOT](1) According to CAMPBELL: 126, this spoon is used as a salt spoon.
Moulding stamper
Description in preparation. The proper name in English of this moulding tool is yet unknown.
Mortise axe, single
Single mortise axe of a carpenter.
Mud-marking iron
Mud marking iron
Mushroom collecting knife
Anyone who harvests edible mushrooms in the forest or in a meadow, cuts them to the ground with a knife (except when it concerns agarics, which have to be dug out). One cleans them on the spot. There is a special pocket knife for this purpose, which is a compound tool, with a blade to cut off the mushroom stem and a boar bristle brush to remove soil and dirt; that brush may or may not be collapsible. On the back of the blade there are sometimes teeth to remove coarser dirt or, according to some, the outer layer of the skin (the 'cuticule') (1). [MOT] (1) (January 2021).
Obstetric forceps
These forceps were sometimes used during childbirth to retrieve a child. Characteristic are the stainless steel, the wide jaws and the short arms. After all, it was not allowed to exert great force on the head. The arms of many forceps were connected without a pivot so that they could easily be taken apart. The physician could then safely push one part of the forceps to the left and the other to the right of the child's head. [MOT]
Nave borer
Notching knife
Notching knife of a wood engraver.
One arm man knife
(1) (1) BARLOW: 159.
Oyster knife
You can find more technical information about the oyster knife on this page in dutch. [MOT]
Palette knife
The palette knife is a spatula or trowel-shaped tool (approx. 15-20 cm long) with a flexible blade along its entire length that the painter uses to mix dyes on the palette and to apply paint to the canvas (1). The spatula-shaped ones can be made of metal, wood or plastic and are also used to scrape off wet paint with the side of the blade without damaging the canvas. The trowel-shaped ones have a metal blade whose shape and size (approx. 3-12 cm long; approx. 3-4 cm wide) vary greatly: it can be triangular, diamond-shaped, oval or rectangular - with or without rounded corners - attached to a straight handle. The latter are mainly used to apply small dots or wide stripes of paint to the canvas. The palette knife with narrow, rectangular blade is also available as a pocket knife. Then it is a useful tool for testing colors. The house painter also uses a larger spatula-shaped tempering knife, the blade of which is about 15-30 cm long, to mix paint. [MOT] ...
Oyster fork
Small (approx. 12-13 cm long) fork with three sharp, short (approx. 2-3 cm) teeth with which one can remove oysters from their shells. The teeth are straight or slightly bent inward; usually one tooth has a cut on the outside to cut the oyster loose. The oyster fork can also be provided with a knife at the other end. [MOT]
An oven peel is a wooden or metal hand tool (approx. 175-265 cm long) with an oval or rectangular blade (approx. 15-35 cm wide) on a long handle with which the baker used to oven the bread. The handle is long so that you can reach the back of the oven. [MOT]
Paring chisel (marquetry worker)
Paring chisel used by the marquetry and violin maker to cut the groove into which an inlay will be placed. It has a blade with a rectangular cross section that is bent at the end, which is sharpened at right angles. [MOT]
Pastry blender
With a pastry blender you can quickly make a crumbly mass from flour and pieces of butter, without this mixture getting hot, for eg crust or shortcrust pastry. It consists of six relatively flexible steel wires that are bent in a U-shape; between the ends there is a wooden or plastic handle, which is sometimes provided with a thumb rest. By moving the pastry blender up and down in the mass, the ingredients are mixed and the pieces of butter or fat finely divided. Instead of the wires, there can also be various steel blades with a curved cut. These are rigid and therefore better suited for cutting hard chunks of fat. See also the dough grater. [MOT]
Pinch bar
The pinch bar
Pinking shears
Pinking shears are scissors with thick (approx. 4-7 mm), blunt blades with a triangular serrated edge. When you use it to cut into a piece of fabric, a zigzag notch appears that prevents fraying. [MOT]
The pitcher is a short, heavy chisel with flattened cutting edge (approx. 4 mm wide) to chop off large pieces of a rough natural stone block as a first operation and thus get a good start for shaping the edge. The stonecutter strikes the pitcher with his stonemason’s hammer.The paviour uses it to break excess pieces of paving tiles and split pavement stones (1).This pitching tool is to be distinguised from the charring chisel and the flat chisel. [MOT](1) JELLEMA: 38-39.
Potato grater
Elongated (approx. 50 cm long; approx. 20 cm wide), convex grater with fairly coarse triangular pierced holes with which raw potatoes are grated. It is cut semicircular on one short side; on the other short side it has a handle. The grated potatoes were mixed with flour, eggs and bacon to make a kind of pancake. [MOT]
Polka hammer
The polka hammer is a relatively light (1.7 to 2.5 kg) hand tool with one or two horizontal cuts to work softer stone types. Often used for surface finishing of panels and reliefs.
Pressure pad during soldering
(1) Proper name yet unknown.
Rosette iron
Rotary grater
Cast iron kitchen utensil consisting of a round plate (approx. 5-8 cm diameter; approx. 1-3 cm thick), attached in the middle to a bent, long (approx. 40 cm) handle, with or without wooden handle. When the salamander is heated red hot over the gas or in the fire, it can be used to brown the top of gratin dishes or sugared desserts with a crispy crust or a layer of caramel.The salamander is almost indistinguishable from the hat iron, a similar tool that was heated on the stove and used to iron the inside of hats. [MOT]
Safety razor sharpener
There are different models of sharpeners for sharpening the blades of a safety razor. In the past, people used a razor strop on which they pushed the knife back and forth. You can also use a concave oil stone to sharpen the blades. [MOT]
Serving fork
With a serving fork one can easily serve sausages, potatoes, ... It consists of a U-shaped squeezable handle, one end of which ends in two sharp teeth. At the other end is a plate with two holes where the tines of the fork can be inserted. When one pokes a sausage or something like that on the fork and squeezes it tightly, it is slid off by the sliding plate that slides forward. The cake server works in a similar way. [MOT]
Seam roller
Hard roller approx. 3-6 cm wide, used to press the seams between the strips of wallpaper; with relief paper, a soft wallpaper brush is used for this because the roller in front of the seams presses the relief flat. The working part can be made of plastic, metal, wood, bone or ivory (1). To smooth the wallpaper on the wall, there are seam rollers that are wider and covered with a soft material such as felt or flannel (2). [MOT] (1) SELLENS: 315. (2) SELLENS: 315.
Setting block
Setting block (1) of a diamond setter, who prepares the gem for the diamond cutter. He places the heated solder caps in it to attach the diamond each time in a suitable position. Derived of the Dutch word 'verstelblok'. The equivalent English name of this tool is unknown.
Shoe rasp
The shoe rasp is a rectangular rasp (approx. 2 cm wide; 20 cm long) without a handle, the two halves of which grate in opposite directions. The shoemaker uses this rasp to smooth and finish the soles, sole edges and heels. The short sides are usually rounded; sometimes one short side is straight. There are also models with one side grooved as a file. See also peg rasp. Can be distinguished from the horse rasp. [MOT]
Spade (brickmaker)
To dig clay, a spade is used with a short T handle and a small iron blade that is in the same plane as that handle. The stem length is adapted to the user; the length of the blade decreases as the digger digs out the clay deeper (from about 18 to about 12 cm). The worker forcefully pushes the spade into the ground without using his foot. That is why he makes sure that the edge is always sharp and he regularly visits the blacksmith. [EMABB]
Soil auger
Spoke dog
Spoke dog of a wheelwright
Stone mason's mallet
Wooden mallet used by the stone mason when working stone with chisels. It has an elongated, often slightly curved head. The direction of the wood fibres is perpendicular to the handle, which often has a spherical bulge at the bottom. Frequent use often creates wear in the form of a cavity. If the wear is too strong, the ends are sometimes shortened to create a new face. The lost weight is sometimes compensated by iron nails hit in the head. The hammer may also be fitted with two ferrules (1).  Sometimes vinegar wood is recommended for bluestone, palm wood for sandstone and beech wood for limestone (2). [MOT] (1) BESSAC: 161. (2) JELLEMA: 45.
Stirring stick (house painter)
The house painter uses a stick to stir the paint, which must always be done before painting. It is a wooden spatula of varying length (approx. 20-40 cm), depending on the size of the paint pot. [MOT]
Stone-dressing concave hammer
The stone-dressing concave hammer is a metal hammer with one or two concave faces, to make rough cuts from a block of natural stone; sometimes in combination with a pick. [MOT]
Strip drawing knife
The strip drawing knife
Three-eyed gimlet/Four-eyed gimlet (Japanese)
Gimlet, three-eyed /Gimlet, four-eyed (Japanese)