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??? What are these question marks doing here? These represent tools which we know by a Dutch or French term, but for which we couldn't find a proper English term. Suggestions for a name are always welcome!

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Showing search results  151 - 200 1,344 results found
Glazier's hammer
Hammer (approx. 150-500 gr) with a narrow (approx. 1-2 cm) head used by the glazier to knock small nails into the window frame. There are different models: with two square faces, two round faces and with one round face and a wedge-shaped pin. Often the handle of the glazier's hammer is finished as a glazing lever. To be distinguished from the upholsterer's hammer. [MOT]
In the past, the pleats in hats, lace, etc. were applied with a heated goffer. The mouth of the tool is wide and wavy on the inside. Goffering irons could also be used, but their mouth is narrower and consists of two long round rods. Larger pieces were passed through a fluted roller. [MOT]
Grain shovel
The grain shovel is a wooden shovel (approx. 150 cm long) used to stir the grain and to scoop it into the winnowing machine and bags. See also grain scoop and grain scoop bin. To be distinguished from the mould board shovel. [MOT]
Gardener's trowel
Glove stick
Elongated (approx. 30 cm), monoxile conical stick with a straight handle - distinguishable from the curling iron - which is used to stretch and widen the fingers of gloves, eg after washing. Glove stretchers can also be used for the same purpose. [MOT]
Goffering iron
Grain scoop
Grape shears
Grapes can be harvested with a grape knife or grape shears. With the latter one obtains a much nicer cut than with a harvesting knife. The shears have two narrow blades (approx. 1 cm) with a straight cut; the arms can be made of metal or consist of a wooden covering around a metal plate. They are held together by a ring that is located on the bottom of one arm and that can be fastened around the other arm. There is a spring between the arms. See also grape scissors. [MOT]
This gouge is to be distinguished from the carver's gouge, the carpenter's carving gouge and the clog maker's gouge.
Grafting knife
Grafter's froe
Grater (kitchen)
Kitchen utensil for grating vegetables. It consists of a metal plate with rows of holes 'punched out'. The vegetables are sanded back and forth on this rough surface and finely grated. There are flat, rectangular, pyramid, semicircular, round, etc. graters. The grater can also be mounted on a tray in which the finely grated goods are collected. There may be several grating surfaces with smaller holes each time for finer grating. Often there is also a sharp groove in the grating surface that serves as a slicer. There are also composite kitchen utensils that, in addition to a grater, can also be used as a butter cutter, apple corer and vegetable peeler. To grate nutmeg, special graters are used (see nutmeg grater). In addition to the kitchen grater, vegetables can also be grated using a rotary grater. This allows even the smallest pieces to be rinsed up completely. See also potato grater and soap shaver. [MOT]
Groove tapper
Grape scissors
With grape scissors you can easily cut grapes from a bunch at the table. They are scissors with short (approx. 3-5 cm), narrow (approx. 5 mm) blades with a blunt tip and long (approx. 10 cm) arms. The tips are blunt so that the grapes are not damaged when cut. These scissors are often decorated with grape motifs.See also grape shears. [MOT]
Hacking knife
Grape knife
A miniature pruning knife (approx. 15 cm) with a short blade (approx. 4-5 cm) with which grapes are harvested. Not infrequently, the end of the suture forms a ring where the little finger can be inserted. The knife is mainly used in the Bordelais area. [MOT]
In contrast to the hand cultivator, which is continuously pulled, the claw is pulled with jerks and the soil is loosened superficially. It is narrower (approx. 5-10 cm) and therefore especially suitable for narrow spaces in the rows and vegetables in the vegetable garden and for dense flower beds. The claw has 3 to 5 round and pointed teeth, of which the middle one protrudes in front of the other, and a wooden or plastic handle (approx. 20-140 cm). If the handle is long, the gardener stands upright; if the handle is short, then the work is bent or crouched. Another model has thick (approx. 0.5 cm) flat teeth - lying in one row - and is connected to the handle by means of a tang. It is distinguishable from an all-metal model that is used in hardware stores to pull nails out of a pile (1). There is also a model with 2 flat, wide (approx. 1 cm) teeth with a long (approx. 35 cm) tang that sticks into a wooden handle (approx. 15 cm). See also the weeding hoe, weeding fork, garden pulverizer and dung hoe. [MOT] (1)...
Hairdresser's scissors
Light scissors (approx. 50 g), made entirely of metal - possibly with plastic-covered arms - with triangular narrow (approx. 1 cm) blades, with which the hairdresser cuts hair. The hairs are taken per strip between index and middle fingers and cut to the desired length. The tailor also uses such scissors to cut delicate fabrics such as lingerie. See also thinning scissors. [MOT]
Grindstone for pigment
Haemostatic forceps
Hand bellows
Hand cultivator
Garden tool consisting of a usually 130-150 cm long (1) wooden handle with three to five - but always in an odd number - curved iron teeth for opening and turning the soil. The working part (approx. 10 to 25 cm wide) can be fixed or exchangeable. In the latter case, you can choose the number of teeth. The tips of the teeth are oval or triangular flattened. In contrast to the garden hoe, with the hand cultivator the solid underlying soil, with the sharp flat points and by its pulling movement, is slightly raised and opened up. The middle tines of a hand cultivator are slightly shorter so that the soil clod can be crumbled. To be distinguished from the grubber, which is narrower and mainly serves to break the ground superficially. See also the manual towed hand cultivator and hand wheel hoe. [MOT]
Halfmoon knife
The halfmoon knife is used by leatherworkers and in particular by the saddler, to cut rigid leather to size. It has a semicircular blade (approx. 20 cm) and a straight handle attached exactly above the center of the blade. With the medieval halfmoon knife, the handle is horizontal to the top of the blade. You can make a long, beautiful cut with this knife, while the hand exerts full pressure force. The angle of the halfmoon knife is placed on the leather and according to the circumference of the knife, the leather is cut through on the marked line. At the end point, the knife is repositioned until the entire cut has been completed. Keeping the knife horizontal, you cut into the thickness of the leather or bevel the edge. [MOT]
Hand harrow
The hand harrow is a small harrow that is pulled by one worker to loosen, crumble and flatten the top layer of digged or plowed soil. It is also used to work fertilizers and seeds into the soil. The hand harrow consists of a wooden or iron, usually triangular, frame in which wooden or iron round, square or diamond-shaped teeth (approx. 12-16 cm) protrude at an angle. Sometimes the distance between the teeth is adjustable (1). Depending on the slope and the direction of pull, the tines penetrate 1 to 7 cm deep into the soil. The pull rope is attached to one corner of the frame. It is pulled by means of a cross stick or a shoulder strap (2). See also soil rake, rotary tiller (hand) and hoe with rake. [MOT] (1) Eg. Manufrance: 697. (2) Eg. Manufrance: 697.
Hand punch
Hand brush
Hand seed drill
Hand wheel hoe
In crops growing in rows, the roots of weeds are cut with the hand wheel hoe; they are sometimes also used to break the crust so that a better air circulation is created and to counteract the capillary effect - and thus the drying out. The hand wheel hoe usually consists of two metal wheels (diam. Approx. 35 cm), each with a rod on the axle that keeps a metal plate, just behind the wheel, at the correct height. Both trapezoidal plates, connected by a bracket, are provided with 2-3 slots into which the oblique knives or hoes can be screwed to the desired width. The whole is pushed in front of you by means of two wooden arms (approx. 130 cm). There are also hand wheel hoes with one wheel with which you can hoe between two rows of plants, as opposed to the model with two wheels, which works on both sides of one row of plants. Nowadays there is a model with a rubber wheel (approx. Diam. 25-60 cm) where the hoes can be replaced by the blade of a hand ridger or hand cultivator (1). [MOT] (1)...
Hand ratchet brace
This hand ratchet brace works on the same principle as the common brace but has a lever instead of a U-shaped bracket. This lever works according to a ratchet mechanism and can be moved with back and forth strokes. Where there is no room for the normal brace, this type can be used. See also the engineer's ratchet brace for metal. [MOT]
Hand hook
Hand tool consisting of a square (approx. 1 cm), curved blade (approx. 6-8 cm long) in cross-section, ending in a pointed tip. It is attached at right angles to a relatively long (approx. 25-35 cm) wooden handle, which widens at the end. It is used for weeding between plants. See also the weeding fork and moss scraper. [MOT]
Hand ridger
Hay thief
The hay thief is used to pull a tuft of hay from the interior of a haystack or the hayloft. That sample can then be examined for condition and quality. After all, it is important to check whether the hay inside is dry, both for the nutritional value and for safety (self-ignition). The hay thief usually consists (1) of an iron rod (approx. 30 cm) ending in a point and fitted with a barb with a slightly curved point at approx. 5 cm from the end (2). The straight wooden stem measures approx. 80 cm. Sometimes the tool is made entirely of iron and the rod ends in an eye (3). [MOT] (1) According to DAVID 1973: 25 there are also completely wooden hay hooks. (2) SELLENS: 233 states that a hay thief can count two or more hooks. (3) Eg. DEVLIEGHER: 82.
Hay spade
With a hay spade (1) you can cut off strongly compressed hay (see also hay knife). Afterwards it can be processed further with the hay fork. The hay spade is to be distinguished from the flauchter spade. [MOT] (1) proper name unknown.
Hoof cleaning knife
Hand tool that the blacksmith uses to trim horses' hooves. It usually has a slightly curved blade that is bent at the end and that cuts its entire length. (Compare with the beam scribe, the timber scribe, the cooper's timber scribe and the clog maker's timber scribe). That blade sticks in a wooden handle that is often bent upwards. Excess horn is cut away with the knife. With the bent end - which also cuts - impurities on the inside of the hoof can be removed. There are models for both left and right-handed users (1). See also the horseman's folding knife. [MOT] (1) Eg. Encyclopédie 1740-80, volume 13: s.v. Marechal ferrant.
Hook (butcher)
Hand tool (1) for hanging or removing objects. The butcher uses it for bacon, sausages and the like, the steamer for clothes, the shopkeeper for light and relatively little sold goods. The butcher's hook consists of an upwardly bent hook (approx. 5 cm) with a socket in which a long stem (approx. 120-250 cm) protrudes. Some models have several hooks. See also the boathook. [MOT] (1) Proper name unknown.
Hook and side tool
This hook and side tool is one of the most commonly used chisels of the turner and serves to smooth a piece on the lathe. [MOT]
Hoof nipper
Head knife
Hoof tester
Pliers with which the farrier examines sick, painful hooves. Pain can arise in the hoof because changes in shape of the horny parts exert a pressure on the parts located therein and because internal parts of the hoof are swollen and therefore exert direct pressure on the nerves of the hoof.The hoof tester is a fairly large pair of tongs (approx. 30-40 cm long) with a jaw that can open wide so that the hoof can between them. The jaws are rectangular or round in cross section and have studs on the end. The different parts of the hoof are pinched with the forceps; Based on the reaction of the horse, one can determine the painful place. [MOT]
Hinge chisel
Hunting knife (folding)
Hop reaping hook
The proper name of this hop reaping hook is yet unknown.For more technical information about this tool, see the dutch version of this file. [MOT]
Hoop hook
Humane twitch
The humane twitch are metal or wooden pliers consisting of two levers, which are connected to each other by means of a hinge, a ring or a rope. The two arms are straight or bent. In the former case, the joint ensures that there is space left when the tool is squeezed shut; so the lip is not squashed. The double arc in the second case serves the same purpose. A rack on one of the arms and a ring on the other make it possible to hold the tool in a certain position; a rope attached to an arm fulfills the same role. The humane twitch pinches the very sensitive upper lip (1) of a horse during treatment to divert the animal's attention and to induce a calming and sedative effect in case of disturbing (e.g. eye care) or painful procedures (cf. nose twitch) (2). [MOT] (1) According to '' Antique medical instruments '': 226 the tongue would be caught, but there seem to be no other traces of that method. (2) From an animal welfare point of view, the nose twitch seems to be preferred...
Horseman's folding knife
Ice cream scoop
Hop scuppet
Horse rasp