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??? What are these question marks doing here? These represent tools which we know by a Dutch or French term, but for which we couldn't find a proper English term. Suggestions for a name are always welcome!

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Showing search results  101 - 150 1,344 results found
Hand tool used by the shoeing-smith to trim the tail beyond the tailbone of draft horses (1). It is tang-shaped with relatively long (approx. 30-40 cm) arms, with or without wooden handles. One jaw is cut in a U-shape and is hollow so that the cutting blade fits on the other jaw; exceptionally it is made of wood (2). The tail is cut just after the sacrum so that it cannot grow back. The wound is burned out with a cauterizing iron. [MOT] (1) N.L.I .: s.v. brûle-queue, reports that the horse's tail was cut off after it suffered a stroke. (2) STOQUART: 23.
Dike auger
Dinging hammer
Hammer (approx. 350-500 gr) that is used to dent the body of a car. It has a relatively long (approx. 15-20 cm), narrow cylindrical head of which one end forms a widened circular shape. The other end can be tapered, spherical or square. See also the body file.
Dowel plate
The dowel plate is to be distinguished from the nail header.
Divers' knife
Dough grater
Drain ladle
To lay drainage pipes, a trench is first dug one or two stitches deep (and approx. 50-60 cm wide) with the garden spade and the spade. After the loose soil that the spade has not been able to absorb has been removed with a masonry shovel, also with a kind of flat drain laddle, the trench is brought to depth with the narrow drain spade. Finally, with the drain laddle, the bottom of the trench is finished very accurately and at the required slope, so that the pipes can be placed on it (see pipe layer); the worker is standing next to the slot. [MOT]
Dough scraper
Hand tool with which the last bits of dough are scraped from the baking trough. It is a metal tool with a wide-flared or square blade that is perpendicular to the metal handle (1). See also the dough grater. [MOT] (1) In Great Britain you can also find dough scrapers with a tang or with a socket and wooden handle.
Drawing awl
A drawing awl is an approx. 30-40 cm long awl with a hole in the tip, through which a cord can be inserted. The harness maker, saddler, mattress maker and seat maker use this hand tool when sewing thick objects. According to the Osborne catalog, the butcher used a drawing awl to bind ham (1). [MOT] (1) OSBORNE: 49. The butcher's tool is called ham stringer.
Dressmaker's chalk
Chalk in the shape of a flat square (from 5 by 5 cm; thickness approx. 0.8 cm) block to properly mark fits. It comes in different colors (white, yellow, red and blue), does not rub off on the hands and can be easily tapped.Sometimes the dressmaker's chalk is put in a chalk holder, with sharp edge to sharpen the chalk (1). [MOT](1) See MIDGLEY & LAWTHER: 280.
Dung axe
Axe with high (approx. 30 cm), heavy and thick (approx. 4 mm) iron blade and arc-shaped blade, which is connected to a wooden handle (approx. 90 cm). The dung axe is used to cut through the tamped manure - in the potting shed or outside - in contrast to the flauchter spade that is used for cutting. See also turf cutting axe. [MOT
Dung hoe
Edge shave
Elastration pliers
Forceps for tying the tails and testicles of lambs. The jaws of these pliers consist of four pins. With this, the rancher can open an elastic and place it around the tail or around the scrotum of the lamb to tie it off. The part after the elastic eventually dies due to lack of blood circulation. [MOT]
Egg lifter
Drift (blacksmith)
Fireman's Axe
The fireman's axe mainly serves to break open doors and windows, but it is used for all kinds of purposes (1). Today it closely resembles a woodman's axe. The straight handle often ends in a small sphere to provide a better grip. Often there is a notch at the bottom of the blade to pull out nails and a spring strengthens the connection with the stem (2). Very common is a pointed axe, i.e. an axe with a heavy point opposite the edge (3). Here too one or two springs are often found. Today there are firefighter's axes made of a non-sparking alloy. The stem can be short (about 35 cm) or long (about 80-90 cm). The short handle often has slight bumps along its entire length to provide a better grip; when isolated, it is usually serrated. The handle of some models ends in a heavy iron point. [MOT] (1) Eg. to drive a peg of emergency into the wall. Certain models appear in military and security equipment. See also the window-smasher to shatter safety glass in a bus, train or plane. (2) In most countries there are official...
Escargot tongs
Escargot are often too hot to hold with the hand, so escargot tongs are used. These tongs have crossed arms that are held closed by a spring. The spring is adapted to the shape of the cochlea, so that the escargot can be grasped well. Due to the spring, the tongs clamp around the escargot when the arms are no longer squeezed. The cochlea is now fixed enough to remove the meat with an escargot fork.See also the snail plate. [MOT]
Endive harvesting fork
Fillister plane
Fire shovel (blacksmith)
The fire shovel is an iron shovel (length approx. 75 cm; width approx. 12 cm) with usually a flat blade and iron handle, with which the blacksmith brings the coals together and covers the piece to be heated. Often the handle is open. See also the ash shovel and fire shovel (stoker). [MOT]
Fish fillet knife
Fish scaler
To quickly and easily scale fish, one usually uses a fish scaler, with which one rubs the fish from tail to head, so against the scales. The metal, always serrated, blade of the fish scaler can be in the shape of a ring or triangle, a hair brush (1) or a dough scraper (2). The (wooden) handle forms an obtuse angle (approx. 5 °) with the working part or is attached to it with a kink. Often the fish scaler is part of the folding fishing knife. The sharp, serrated edge of a shell can also serve as a fish scaler. See also pocket knife. [MOT] (1) Eg. CAMPBELL FRANKLIN: 100 and CAMPBELL: 84.
Fishing knife (folding)
Flat chisel
Flagging iron
Flesh fork
The flesh fork is used to take pieces of meat or bacon from a saucepan or to attach them to roast them on the fire. It is a fork with two, sometimes three tines and a long - often hook-shaped - handle (30 to 80 cm). It is usually made entirely of iron. See also the toasting fork. [MOT]
Flauchter spade
Flemish scythe
Frame lifter
Fluting plane
Flooring cramp
French cook's knife
Forging hammer
The forging hammer is the tool of the blacksmith, with which he does all the forging work, whether or not together with a sledgehammer. It is a fairly heavy (approx. 500-2000 gr) hammer with a fairly thick wedge-shaped peen, which in some cases lies in the same direction as the handle (approx. 30-35 cm). The face is light-convex and the sharp edges must be carefully removed as otherwise the iron to be processed cannot be finished flat (1). Can be distinguished from some models of bench hammers that are lighter. See also the farrier's hammer. [MOT] (1) VAN DONGEN: 78.
Funnel (coal)
During the baking of bricks in an annular kiln, small amounts of coal are added from above. The coal is poured into a long narrow funnel with a coal shovel (see coal scoop (brick maker)). It is held with the left hand while the right hand empties the full scoop. [MOT]
Fried-food skimmer
Fudge wheel
The fudge wheel has a grooved metal wheel (approx. 1.5-2 cm diameter) that is attached to a metal, sometimes slightly curved shaft, which is provided with a wooden handle. The total length is approximately 14-18 cm and the wheel has 3 to 7 grooves per centimeter. The shoemaker uses the fudge wheel to imitate a hand sewn seam on the top edge of the shoe sole or to secure the stitches on that edge; it is always heated before use. There are also fudge wheels with interchangeable wheels. The wooden handle is usually hollow and can be unscrewed so that the wheels can be stored in it. The wheel itself is held in place by a movable hook that closes around the axis. [MOT]
Fur plier
Tongs (approx. 20-30 cm long) with long (approx. 8-10 cm), flat, transversely grooved jaws, one of which is shaded on the outside. Usually one arm is straight and the other bent. The furrier uses the tongs to smooth and nail the fur to let it dry. She is held in the right hand while the fur is put on with the left hand; then it is grasped by the edge with the pliers and a nail is placed on it, which is driven into the board by gently tapping it with the shaded underside of the jaw. See also these frame-maker's plier and upholsterer's pliers. [MOT]
Garden hoe
Hand tool that resembles the regular hoe, but is lighter (approx. 500-800 g) and also has a longer handle (approx. 120-150 cm). With this hoe, the gardener breaks the top layer of the soil to uproot weeds and / or, in case of drought, to reduce evaporation. In contrast to the regular hoe, this tool does not cut, but the blade is pulled superficially through the ground while pulling it back, and the weeds are possibly pushed loose again when cutting back. See also the scuffle hoe, small garden hoe, weeding hoe, hand cultivator. [MOT]
Furrier's knife (standard)
Knife specially designed for fur work (approx. 10-15 cm long), completely made of metal and without handle, often with two copper beads, one on the high back and one on the flared end. The index finger then rests on the bulge on the back; the palm of the hand rests on the bulge on the end of the knife. There is also a model with an interchangeable blade and a model in pocket knife format (fur knife + small furrier's comb). When cutting, the fur is lifted with the left hand so far that the cut comes clear of the table; so the hair is not cut. [MOT]
A froe-maul is a piece of hard round wood (including hornbeam) of about 30-40 cm, one end of which has been cut thinner to serve as a handle. With the froe-maul, the cooper strikes the cleaving knife and the lath maker, on the cleaving iron. [MOT]
Fruit spoon
Garden pulverizer
The garden pulverizer consists of 3 to 5 rotating star-shaped wheels (1) with a total working width of approx. 10-20 cm. Approx. 10 cm behind the wheels is a removable (2) narrow (approx. 3 cm) and movable hoe blade with upwardly curved ends. The wooden handle (approx. 150-170 cm) is inserted into a socket that is connected to the working part by means of a bracket. Together they form an angle of approx. 45 °. The garden pulverizer is mainly used after digging to crumble up clumps. It is also used to house fertilizer or seed or to aerate and work the soil between the rows of plants. With the scuffle hoe you can remove the weeds between the rows of plants. The whole is used with pushing and pulling movements. See also the hand harrow and grubber with long handle. [MOT] (1) Jules Simon's catalog: 80, shows a clod breaker with 2 rows of wheels to crumble heavier soil or used on large areas. (2) COENEN: 18 shows a model where the two working parts can be used separately.
Glue iron
Gauge-glass cutter
(1) (1) Proper name unknown.
Garden spade
Today it is a spade with an iron, more or less rectangular or triangular blade, about a third longer than it is wide (approx. 27 x 18 cm), which is an extension of a ball, T or D handle (1) . The size of the blade depends on the force required to lift and move the soil clod (2). The blade of the garden spade is sometimes provided with a footrest so as not to damage the shoe of the user. Exceptionally, an extension is attached to the top of the blade of the garden spade to use the tool as a spade (3). In the past, the garden spade was also made entirely of wood. She was shaken up then. Dimensions and shape of the blade can vary greatly. In Ireland there are even asymmetrical spades (4). The garden spade is used to dig the garden or field, to transplant crops and to dig (5). [MOT] (1) Tool length can vary widely depending on the region. In Belgium, for example, garden spades of about 110-120 cm are used, in Italy tools of 160 to 210 cm are used (see eg CENCELLI & LOTRIONE: 172). (2) For example, there is a spade...