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??? What are these question marks doing here? These represent tools which we know by a Dutch or French term, but for which we couldn't find a proper English term. Suggestions for a name are always welcome!

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Showing search results  101 - 150 1,295 results found
Curved knife
The curved knife of a basket maker is very similar to the pruning knife but with a fixed and usually shorter (5-8 cm) blade. It is used just like the pruning knife by the basketmaker to cut a twig (1) (see also pruning shears); by the plumber and roofer to cut lead sheets (2); by the saddler to cut out leather. A curved knife is also used for cutting oilcloths. See also the linocutter and pocket knife. [MOT] (1) A basket maker's cleaver cut in the suture of the curved knife is exceptional (BOUCARD: 81). (2) Also called plumber's knife or lead knife (VAN HOUCKE 1901-1902: 450). It is usually a folding knife.
Curling iron
Monoxile stick tapering towards the end with a straight handle (approx. 30 cm) - distinguishable from the glove stick - intended for applying corkscrew curls in the hair. After a first shaping of the lock with a curling iron, it is curled and turned around the curling stick. The strand twisted around the stick is brushed, from top to bottom and in the same direction. When the curling stick is pulled out of the hair, the lock is turned into a pipe curl. [MOT]
Dinging hammer
Hammer (approx. 350-500 gr) that is used to dent the body of a car. It has a relatively long (approx. 15-20 cm), narrow cylindrical head of which one end forms a widened circular shape. The other end can be tapered, spherical or square. See also the body file.
Double-handed crosscut saw
The double-handed crosscut saw is a large, rigid-bladed saw used by two men (1) to cut logs and beams across and fell trees. She cuts in both directions. This saw consists of a long toothed blade (1.30-2 m) (2) often wider in the middle (12-17 cm), and at the ends two straight handles (3) of approx. 50 cm. There are now crosscut saws saws with adjustable handles, which can be placed vertically or horizontally. The log to be cut is rolled onto a crosspiece and the sawyers pull (never push) the saw in turn. [MOT] (1) In softwood, some craftsmen could handle this saw alone. (2) BOERHAVE BEEKMAN 1949/5: 408, fig. 11.09 shows a tree with a circumference of 13.19 m that has been cut down with two crosscut saws that are welded together in line. (3) The crosscut saw with closed handles (eg BISTON-BOUTEREAU-HANUS: 247) appears to be rare.
Drawing awl
A drawing awl is an approx. 30-40 cm long awl with a hole in the tip, through which a cord can be inserted. The harness maker, saddler, mattress maker and seat maker use this hand tool when sewing thick objects. According to the Osborne catalog, the butcher used a drawing awl to bind ham (1). [MOT] (1) OSBORNE: 49. The butcher's tool is called ham stringer.
Dressmaker's chalk
Chalk in the shape of a flat square (from 5 by 5 cm; thickness approx. 0.8 cm) block to properly mark fits. It comes in different colors (white, yellow, red and blue), does not rub off on the hands and can be easily tapped.Sometimes the dressmaker's chalk is put in a chalk holder, with sharp edge to sharpen the chalk (1). [MOT](1) See MIDGLEY & LAWTHER: 280.
Dowel plate
The dowel plate is to be distinguished from the nail header.
Elastration pliers
Forceps for tying the tails and testicles of lambs. The jaws of these pliers consist of four pins. With this, the rancher can open an elastic and place it around the tail or around the scrotum of the lamb to tie it off. The part after the elastic eventually dies due to lack of blood circulation. [MOT]
Erasing knife
There are different models of erasing knives. They are used mostly in the office to scrape pencil lines or ink stains from the paper. See also penknife. For more technical information see the dutch version of this page. [MOT]
Embossing tool
File brush
Steel brush made of short (approx. 1 cm) kinked metal wires that protrude through a thick (approx. 0.4 cm) piece of fabric. The latter is glued to a thin board (length approx. 10-15.5 cm; width approx. 2.5-5.5 cm) with a handle or a wooden block. A file brush is used to remove wood or metal filings from the file. Brushing is done in the direction of the file cut. [MOT
Extracting forceps
The dentist has a set - a minimum of ten - of forceps to extract the teeth. The direction of the mouth, its opening width and the shape of the jaws are each adapted to specific teeth. There are pliers for the upper and for the lower teeth, for the left and for the right teeth, for the incisors and canines, for the molars and for the wisdom teeth. [MOT]
Eel tongs
Flat chisel
File cutter's hammer
Description under construction...For more information about this tool, see the dutch version of this file.
Fudge wheel
The fudge wheel has a grooved metal wheel (approx. 1.5-2 cm diameter) that is attached to a metal, sometimes slightly curved shaft, which is provided with a wooden handle. The total length is approximately 14-18 cm and the wheel has 3 to 7 grooves per centimeter.The shoemaker uses the fudge wheel to imitate a hand sewn seam on the top edge of the shoe sole or to secure the stitches on that edge; it is always heated before use.There are also fudge wheels with interchangeable wheels. The wooden handle is usually hollow and can be unscrewed so that the wheels can be stored in it. The wheel itself is held in place by a movable hook that closes around the axis. [MOT]
Funnel (kitchen)
Kitchen utensil (approx. 15-25 cm) with a hollow, cylindrical or conical container with a tube at the bottom. It can be wood, metal, glass or plastic. With a funnel it is easy to pour liquids or powdered substances through a narrow opening, eg a bottle neck. [MOT]
Funnel for liquid manure
The funnel for liquid manure (1). (1) Translation of the dutch word 'beertrechter'. The proper name in english is yet unknown.
Gauge-glass cutter
(1) (1) Proper name unknown.
Furrier's comb
The furrier's comb is a copper comb of which one half is set with large teeth (approx. 4 per cm) and the other half with finer teeth (approx. 7 per cm); the tips are always blunt so as not to damage the fur when combing. The furrier can also use another steel comb that is suitable for coarser material, eg that has been affected by moths, or for which the copper comb is not sharp enough. See also furrier's nail comb and seal comb.
This gouge is to be distinguished from the carver's gouge, the carpenter's carving gouge and the clog maker's gouge.
Goad / Trident of the cattle-driver
(1) (1) Proper name unknown.
Graining comb
Steel comb with long (approx. 2.5-5 cm), flat and relatively flexible teeth, which is used by the house painter to imitate wood. Often there is a series of combs, all made of steel and of different widths (approx. 2.5-10 cm), with fine (approx. 1 mm) and coarse (approx. 3 mm) teeth, packed in a tin box. There are also painters' combs whose teeth are much firmer and are set in a wooden handle; these combs are used for marble. [MOT]
You can roast a slice of bread, a piece of meat or fish over hot coals or a flame on this roasting grid. Such a grill is made of iron (wire), may or may not have legs and can be single or double. The latter can be squeezed shut; the axis is at the head end. [MOT]
Grindstone for pigment
Halfmoon knife
The halfmoon knife is used by leatherworkers and in particular by the saddler, to cut rigid leather to size. It has a semicircular blade (approx. 20 cm) and a straight handle attached exactly above the center of the blade. With the medieval halfmoon knife, the handle is horizontal to the top of the blade. You can make a long, beautiful cut with this knife, while the hand exerts full pressure force. The angle of the halfmoon knife is placed on the leather and according to the circumference of the knife, the leather is cut through on the marked line. At the end point, the knife is repositioned until the entire cut has been completed. Keeping the knife horizontal, you cut into the thickness of the leather or bevel the edge. [MOT]
The hachoir is a knife with a semicircular blade and a straight handle attached in the top center of the blade. It is used to finely chop small quantities of herbs, which are placed in the corresponding concave wooden bowl. Thus, one can either move the knife back and forth and cut the herbs or chop up and down with the blade perpendicular to the bottom. In the meantime, the bowl should be turned from time to time. [MOT]
Hand harrow
The hand harrow is a small harrow that is pulled by one worker to loosen, crumble and flatten the top layer of digged or plowed soil. It is also used to work fertilizers and seeds into the soil. The hand harrow consists of a wooden or iron, usually triangular, frame in which wooden or iron round, square or diamond-shaped teeth (approx. 12-16 cm) protrude at an angle. Sometimes the distance between the teeth is adjustable (1). Depending on the slope and the direction of pull, the tines penetrate 1 to 7 cm deep into the soil. The pull rope is attached to one corner of the frame. It is pulled by means of a cross stick or a shoulder strap (2). See also soil rake, rotary tiller (hand) and hoe with rake. [MOT] (1) Eg. Manufrance: 697. (2) Eg. Manufrance: 697.
Wooden lever (1.5 to 2 meters long) clad with metal fittings at the bottom, to lift heavy loads to a small height. Railroad workers use them to separate railroad tracks. Quarry workers such as the stonecutter use a handspike to place stone blocks on rollers. This tool can be distinguished from the crow bar and the ripping chisel. [MOT]
Hay knife
The hay knife has a 50 to 100 cm long blade with cut, which can be serrated; when teeth are present, it is called a hay saw. Both the knife and the saw serve to cut compressed hay, but also manure or silage forage, into pieces with a vertical movement. [MOT]
Hay spade
With a hay spade (1) you can cut off strongly compressed hay (see also hay knife). Afterwards it can be processed further with the hay fork. The hay spade is to be distinguished from the flauchter spade. [MOT] (1) proper name unknown.
Hay thief
The hay thief is used to pull a tuft of hay from the interior of a haystack or the hayloft. That sample can then be examined for condition and quality. After all, it is important to check whether the hay inside is dry, both for the nutritional value and for safety (self-ignition). The hay thief usually consists (1) of an iron rod (approx. 30 cm) ending in a point and fitted with a barb with a slightly curved point at approx. 5 cm from the end (2). The straight wooden stem measures approx. 80 cm. Sometimes the tool is made entirely of iron and the rod ends in an eye (3). [MOT] (1) According to DAVID 1973: 25 there are also completely wooden hay hooks. (2) SELLENS: 233 states that a hay thief can count two or more hooks. (3) Eg. DEVLIEGHER: 82.
Hook and side tool
This hook and side tool is one of the most commonly used chisels of the turner and serves to smooth a piece on the lathe. [MOT]
Hoof tester
Pliers with which the farrier examines sick, painful hooves. Pain can arise in the hoof because changes in shape of the horny parts exert a pressure on the parts located therein and because internal parts of the hoof are swollen and therefore exert direct pressure on the nerves of the hoof.The hoof tester is a fairly large pair of tongs (approx. 30-40 cm long) with a jaw that can open wide so that the hoof can between them. The jaws are rectangular or round in cross section and have studs on the end. The different parts of the hoof are pinched with the forceps; Based on the reaction of the horse, one can determine the painful place. [MOT]
Hook (butcher)
Hand tool (1) for hanging or removing objects.The butcher uses it for bacon, sausages and the like, the steamer for clothes, the shopkeeper for light and relatively little sold goods.The butcher's hook consists of an upwardly bent hook (approx. 5 cm) with a socket in which a long stem (approx. 120-250 cm) protrudes. Some models have several hooks.See also the boathook. [MOT] (1) Proper name unknown.
Hook tool
This hook tool is a metal rod (approx. 20-30 cm) with one end protruding into a handle, the other bent at right angles. That end is beveled. Sometimes the rod is T-shaped so that there are two cuts. The woodturner uses the hand tool on the lathe to hollow out a piece of wood sideways. [MOT]
The hoofpick is an iron or plastic hook (approx. 15 cm long) that removes dirt from the hooves of a horse. The hand tool is often combined with a stud tap or a brush, sometimes whit a ring spanner. It is often part of the horseman's folding knife. [MOT]
Hop reaping hook
The proper name of this hop reaping hook is yet unknown.For more technical information about this tool, see the dutch version of this file. [MOT]
Infantry scoop
Infantry scoop of the military
Jewelers' hammer
The jeweler's hammer is a small (approx. 15-25 cm) and light (approx. 50-100 g) hammer. The head (approx. 7-10 cm) has one wedge-shaped end and one circular or square (approx. 1 cm). The handle is made of wood. Another model is all-metal with a short, round handle. The goldsmith uses this hammer to perform very fine and precise work, such as embossing. [MOT]
Ice hook
Hand tool used to move the large blocks of ice that are used to keep food and drinks cool. It has an L-shaped metal hook with a pointed and slightly bent end, which is screwed to a relatively long (approx. 30-40 cm) wooden handle. [MOT]
Increment borer
The age of a living tree can be determined with an increment borer. This hand tool is mainly used by the forest ranger, the arborist and the dendrochronologist.More technical information on the dutch version of this page. [MOT]
Insinglass besom
(1) (1) Proper name unkown.
Read the article on continental jiggers of the carriage maker.
Laundry tongs
Hot laundry could be safely removed from the washing kettle with these laundry tongs.They were usually made of (beech) wood because it does not stain, is light and cheap. The metal parts such as the spindle or spring were often made of copper, because the tongs were certainly not allowed to rust. However, there are also iron and rubber or plastic laundry tongs. [MOT
Laundry beater
In the past, the actual washing was done after the laundry was cooked. The lye and the already dissolved dirt, as well as the last stains had to be removed with soap. This was done by hand alone, on a washboard or with a laundry beater (approx. 30 by 10 cm). The latter is a wooden chip-shaped beater - to be distinguished from the cork driver and the iron beater - with which the laundry was tapped, which was placed on a stone or shelf. [MOT
Laundry scrubber
Leather shears
Leatherworker's shears (approx. 20 cm), one blade of which is rectangular (approx. 8 cm by 1 cm). The jaws are always kept perpendicular to the material to prevent irregular cutting edges in the leather. [MOT]
Liquid manure scoop
The liquid manure scoop is a large spoon with usually a hemispherical (galvanized) iron scoop blade (diam. Approx. 25-30 cm) attached to a long (approx. 120-140 cm) wooden handle. With this tool, the vulture is scooped out of the manure tub and spread over mainly pasture. Sometimes a bucket or an old lump nailed to a handle is also used for this. To be distinguished from the bucket with long stick used to scoop the manure from the cesspool into the manure tub. A similar spoon, but made of copper, was used in Germany instead of the bleacher's shovel (2). [MOT] (1) "Die grosse Wäsche'': 161.