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??? What are these question marks doing here? These represent tools which we know by a Dutch or French term, but for which we couldn't find a proper English term. Suggestions for a name are always welcome!

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Showing search results  201 - 250 1,295 results found
Traveller (wheelwright)
Measuring tool consisting of a disc or wheel (approx. 20 cm) that rotates on an axis fixed in an iron or wooden handle. Disc or wheel can be made of wood, iron or a combination of both (1). Usually there is a radial mark. After the wheelwright has driven the rims on the spokes (see also spoke dog) the wheel returns to the blacksmith to be ironed. That craftsman measures the circumference of the wheel by rolling the traveller over the wheel and transferring the same number of rotations to the iron band. Then he can chop or cut it to the desired length. The tracing wheel is also used sporadically by the millwright when covering the millstone with iron hoops. See also the wheeled verge cutter. [MOT] (1) NEDERLOF: 20.
Turner's gouge
The gouge is the turner's most important tool: he transforms the shape of a wooden object with different gouges. The wheelwright also uses it to form the wheel hub. [MOT]
Twine knife
Tyring dog
Veneering hammer
Despite his name the veneering hammer is not a hammer, since it is never struck, but a hammer-shaped tool of 300-600 gr with which a support sheet is stroked on the timber. It has a very wide pin (5-10 cm) and a short handle. The working part is made of iron, wood or, exceptionally, copper.  You can find more technical information about this hand tool on this page in dutch. [MOT]
V-shaped chisel
This pointed chisel is a V-shaped flat turner chisel with one bevel for turning out a groove. [MOT]
Wheelwright's gouge
The gouge of the cartwright is to be distinguished from the carpenter's carving gouge. See also nave borer.
Pin lifter
The pin lifter is a hand tool used by the shoemaker and upholsterer to pull out nails. It is a small (about 20 cm long) crow bar that sticks into a wooden handle. [MOT]
Pickaxe of a miner
Record brush
The record brush is a hand tool to clean vinyl music records by wiping dust and fingerprints without damaging the record. One model consists of a rectangular and rounded oak block with a soft felt brush surface, usually black. It somewhat resembles a whiteboard eraser. A slot is provided on one side to store the accompanying cleaning fluid. Other models include bleach goat hair or velvet. There is a wide variety of vinyl brushes in carbon and plastics. Most of them are anti-static to rid the plate of its static charge. [MOT]
Holes of different sizes can be made in leather with the aid of a punch, i.e. a metal tube with sharp edges. The diameter varies from a few millimeters to a few centimeters. A piece of leather is placed on a wooden, lead or copper support in order not to damage the edge. The punch is then placed where the hole is desired and hit with a hammer. So one needs his two hands; this can be avoided for small holes with the punching tongs. See also the cork borer. [MOT]
Rag wringer
The rag wringer is a device or hand tool with which you can easily wring out a mop. One model is a perforated metal container (approx. 20 cm wide; approx. 35 cm high) with a handle that can be hung over the edge of a bucket. The wet mop is put in and the lever is pushed down; two sturdy plastic parts now move down and squeeze the water out of the mop. [MOT]
Rasp, two handed
Very long rasp (approx. 120 cm; width up to 5 cm) with both ends ending or sticking in a handle.The tool is handled by two men when grating heavy red-hot iron. For example, when the axles of stretched vehicles are delivered in two pieces and the blacksmith has to weld them together at the correct length for the wheelwright. [MOT]
Punching tongs
See also the punch, buttonhole pliers and certain tongs of the sheet metal worker.
Rasp for wood
Riffler rasp / Riffler file
Riffler rasps and riffler files come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes (approx. 12 to 50 cm) and coarse. Usually both ends of the tool have a curved active part, but there are also models with a handle. The curved shape makes it possible to finish complex profiles and hard to reach corners and curves in wood, stone, plaster and metal. [MOT]
Recorder brush
Long (approx. 20 cm), narrow brush with short (approx. 2 cm) woolen threads twisted between an iron wire.The recorder brush is used to dry the condensation in the inside of the flute (hole) after playing. The core gap can simply be blown dry. [MOT]
Rounded chisel
Metal chisel with a round body, whether or not in a wooden handle, with a rounded cutting edge. Models with a wooden handle are more suitable for soft stones such as marl. Used by sculptors to carve out round features, such as the hairs or the eyes on a portrait. The stonemason uses it to cut curved elements and the groove on a window sill which prevents rainwater from running down the wall. [MOT]
Pump auger
Information about these tools and the experiment in 2019 to hollow an oak and compose a wooden water pump can be read on these pages. [MOT]
Firmer chisel
Wide chisel (up to 8 cm) with one or two bevels, a tang and a neck, or a socket and a shank, or all metal (1). Unlike the mortise chisel, the firmer chisel is for heavy-duty work: carving out a pin, hollowing out a drill bit hole, etc. The handle is usually fitted with one or two ferrules to prevent cracking. Some chisels with a triangular cross-section, which often get thicker towards the handle (2), are only slightly wider than thick. The Japanese chisel (Japanese: õire nomi), also for the heavier work, is used in a set with different widths and lengths. See also the joiner's gouge. [MOT] (1) See a long specimen (95 cm) in "Les moulins": 24. (2) Eg. GROTH: 196.
Scribing point
Skinning knife
The skinning knife has a sturdy, saber-shaped blade attached to a wooden or plastic handle. The cut is rounded upwards, which makes the cutting surface larger. With the skinning knife it is possible to separate the skin in one piece from the meat. The skin is pulled away from the flesh and the knife is drawn over and over again along the thin membrane between flesh and skin. [MOT]
Slate ripper
The slate ripper is used to pull out the nails that hold the slates to a roof. It is a metal sheet of approx. 30-50 by 4-5 cm with lateral backward notches, one end of which is bent perpendicularly. A metal handle is forged at that end that ends in a hook. The slater pushes the sheet under the broken slate, grabs the nail into a notch and pulls the tool towards him; sometimes he hits the right-angled part with his hammer. [MOT]
Scratch stock
The scratch stock
A sleeker has a rectangular (approx. 10-15 cm long) blade of stone - usually slate - metal or glass (1), one long side of which protrudes into a wooden handle that must be gripped with two hands. The tanner uses the sleeker to stretch, smooth, polish and push the moisture out of the leather. [MOT](1) See SALAMAN 1986: 313.
Splitter (stonecutter)
The stonecutter's splitter is a heavy metal chisel (300-400 gr) with a narrow cut to carve holes for wedges in natural stone. It is approx. 15-20 cm long with a narrow (0.5-1 cm), straight or convex cut. The whole is rectangular or octagonal in section. To be distinguished from the splitting chisel of different metal workers. [MOT]
Straining lid
Kitchen utensil that is used when draining hot vegetables. It consists of an aluminum or stainless steel perforated plate in the shape of a semicircle, to which a handle is attached. With one hand, the drain lid is held over the rim of the pot while the other hand is tilted. Some models have a sliding handle with hooks so that the drain lid fits different sized pots. [MOT]
Stonemason's scraping iron
This scraping iron of a stonemason is a metal scraper with two curved ends to smooth away the chisel and gouge marks in soft and semi-soft stone types. This tool is to be distinguised from these ornamental tools of the plasterer. [MOT]
Stone-dressing pick
Metal tool with two pyramidal tips, used to cut away the coarser irregularities in natural stone on the vertical surfaces.  Tool description to be completed. More technical information on the dutch version of this page. [MOT]
Stonemason's gouge
The stonemason's gouge is a metal chisel with single cutting edge and curved blade to carve rounded surfaces or details in stone. Similar to the carpenter’s carving gouge. [MOT]
Stonemason's handsaw
The stonemason's handsaw is a small hand saw with wooden handle to saw notches in soft stone. In contrast to woodworking handsaws, the teeth of these saws are never set (= alternately bent outwards). [MOT]
Tailor's scissors
Tailor's scissors are large (approx. 25-40 cm) scissors, completely made of metal or with plastic-covered arms. The arms bent upwards so that it can remain flat while cutting the fabric. [MOT]
The swatter is made of a ponytail tied to a 20-30 cm stem. With this tool, the flies are chased away when shoeing or caring for nervous horses. The tool can be distinguished from the fly swatter that kills the flies. [MOT]
Tomato slicer
Tomatoes are cut into equal, thin slices with a tomato slicer. He has eleven saw blades (approx. 10 cm long) in a rectangular window with a straight handle. When you place the tomato slicer on top of the tomato, you can cut it with a sawing movement. It can also be held at an angle while the tomato is pushed back and forth over the saws slightly from above (1). If necessary, there is an accompanying slide with which you can push the last piece of the tomato through the slicer, without risk to the fingers. [MOT] (1) CAMPBELL: 68.
Vegetable shredder
Walking stick with fork
(1) (1) Proper name unknown.
Washing paddle
Welt cutter
The shoemaker trims the sole edge with a welt cutter after it has been sewn. The hand tool has a circular head with an oblique cut at the top and a thickness guide with a curled edge at the top. That edge ensures that no damage is made to the upper leather. The head is fixed in a wooden or hollow metal handle. [MOT]
Clogs that are nailed to a shelf (approx. 30 by 40 cm) and with which the gardener tamps the soil after sowing. The clogs are sometimes replaced by a shelf with straps that you fasten around your shoe; or fitted with ropes held taut by hand (1).The peat-cutter uses such clogs to tamp the spread wet dredge spoil to squeeze the water out before it is distributed with the mud-marking iron.To walk on muddy surfaces, trips are attached under the shoes or boots; there the aim is to increase support. [MOT](1) Eg. CROMPVOETS & VINEYARD ep.2: 169.
With the manually pulled trail cultivator (1), the soil is lifted up to a fairly great depth (approx. 7-15 cm) and opened up and the weeds growing on it are loosened. It is also used to break clods. The working part, usually adjustable in width, consists of an odd number of curved iron teeth with a triangular point. It is screwed to an iron handle of approx. 120 cm, the end of which (approx. 25 cm) is bent and has a crossbar (approx. 35 cm). See also the hand cultivator. [MOT] (1) There are also trailed cultivators that are pulled by a horse.
Hand tool to stir the porridge in the pot or kettle over the fire.It consists of an iron sickle-shaped working part (approx. 10 cm) that is either an extension of or perpendicular to the stem (approx. 45 cm). The latter may or may not be provided with a wooden handle.Another model is in the form of a wooden kitchen scraper, the working part of which is pierced (1). [MOT](1) Eg. WEYNS 1974: 446.
Light hand hook with a series of short teeth on a plate of about 4-6 cm. The jute or wood handle may or may not be perpendicular to the working part. This hook moves "most bagged goods, except more refined sugar, fine seeds, ground pumice, fine sulfur and similar goods" (1). See also the cotton hook. [MOT] (1) JANSE: 27.
These wrought iron pliers are used to pull out posts. In hop cultivation, this tool is used in combination with a lever to pull the stakes out of the ground every year. To be distinguished from the stone cutter's scissors. See also this associated tool. [MOT]
For more technical information about this hand tool of the osier worker, see the dutch version of this page. [MOT]
This cabinet wrench is a three or square, narrowing Exagonal key, sometimes combined with one or more socket wrench(es), also with a screwdriver, with which doors and locks of cabinets etc. in carriages or ships can be opened or tightened. Construction workers such as the locksmith, carpenter and painter sometimes use a this wrench when there is no door handle in the lock, eg on a construction site.There are foldable models. The wrench also comes as part of a folding knife for construction workers. [MOT]
Stonemason's hammer
Metal hammer with a short handle and a straight or curved hammer head with square faces. Sometimes hollows have been deliberately made in the sides above the handle. (1) The stonemason uses this hammer to hit the narrow-headed chisels (2), a crown drill or a masonry drill). Also when splitting off a block of stone of the right size and shape; one by one a number of wedges are then knocked into the block of stone in a straight line and some distance apart until the two parts of the stone are split apart. See also metal carver's mallet. [MOT] (1) These cavities would ensure a better distribution of the impact force on hard stone types such as granite (MERCUZOT: 221). (2) When the chisel head is wide, a wooden stonemason beater is used.
Tile cutter pliers
The tiler breaks tiles to size with these tile cutting pliers. First, you draw a straight line where you want to break off the tile and then you cut the glaze layer with a tile cutter. Finally, hold the tile on the line with the pliers and squeeze the pliers closed. The tile breaks off exactly at that place. The jaws are adapted to the purpose: the lower jaw is narrow and exerts a lot of pressure in one place to break the tile. The upper jaw is wide and winged and stops the tile. The wings are slightly bent so that the pressure is further increased. There is also a wheel on the lower jaw to roll a little further each time when the tile is broken. See also these tongs for roof tiles and marble pincers. [MOT]
Can pierce
The can pierce is an elongated, flat and short (approx. 10 cm) metal kitchen utensil with a pointed and bent bottom end with which you can prick pouring and air holes in cans of milk, fruit juice, oil, etc. It is often combined with a bottleopener or a corkscrew. There is also a can pierce with a lid. There are two short nails in a round (plastic) lid. This way, the container can be closed after piercing. See also paint can opener. [MOT]
Instead of using a roofer's hammer and slater's stake, slates can also be cut to size with these slate shears. These are scissors with a flat lower jaw that slopes downwards and in which there is a rectangular recess in which the upper jaw fits. The slate is placed on the lower jaw and when closing the scissors, a piece of the slate is cut off. In this way, one can continue to cut along the same line to remove a complete piece of the slate. Often there is a protrusion on one of the arms that prevents the hand from sliding forward when cutting. There are also fixed models with a sharp protrusion that can be hammered into the roof boarding. [MOT]