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??? What are these question marks doing here? These represent tools which we know by a Dutch or French term, but for which we couldn't find a proper English term. Suggestions for a name are always welcome!

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Showing search results  201 - 250 1,344 results found
Insinglass besom
Insinglass besom (1). The description is only available in dutch. [MOT] (1) Proper name unkown.
Hoop notching knife
Jar opener
Joiner's hammer
Increment borer
The age of a living tree can be determined with an increment borer. This hand tool is mainly used by the forest ranger, the arborist and the dendrochronologist. More technical information on the dutch version of this page. [MOT]
Jointer plane
The jointer plane is a plane up to one meter long with a turning chisel, a handle and sometimes a horn. It serves to plan perfectly smooth long pieces already worked with the jack plane. Sometimes one or two cross poles are attached on or in the block in order to be able to work in pairs: one craftsman pushes, another pulls. Sometimes a rope is tied to the front crossbar. Because this plane has to do fine work, the angle of the chisel is quite large and the space for the cut is small. The latter is completely straight, only the corners are rounded so as not to leave any traces. [MOT]
Knife (square paving-tile maker)
With this knife, the tile maker cuts off the excess clay around the tile mould.The hand tool consists of a thin rectangular trapezoidal iron blade with a cylindrical wooden handle at the top of the short side. The cut is always longer than the mould.This knife is not used for cutting, but is pushed diagonally forward and down along the side of the tile mould. [EMABB]
Joiner's mallet
Wooden, rectangular hammer with short handle, usually made of beech or vinegar. Sometimes the head may be slightly bowed. The carpenter uses this hammer for various hammering or chiselling work, to close mortise and tenon joints, etc.See also the joiner's hammer. [MOT]
Key for soil auger
Larding pin
To pull small strips of bacon through lean roast, you can use a larding needle or a larding pin. The latter has a long (approx. 30-40 cm) and narrow semi-cylindrical shaped blade with a sharp point, fixed in a wooden or plastic handle. A strip of bacon or some chilled fat is placed in the tray after the larding pin has been cut right through the meat. When you pull back the larding pin, it is turned over and the fat is left in the meat. The larding pin used on large cuts of meat would have a spring and lever to cut the strips and hold them in place (1). The trussing needle and larding pin are kept in a typical set of 2 needles and 12-15 awls of different sizes (2). [MOT] (1) "Nouveau Larousse ménager": 693. (2) CHANCRIN & FAIDEAU: 736.
Soup, sauce, batter and the like are stirred and scooped with a ladle. It has a bowl-shaped metal blade on a straight long handle that often ends in a hook or eye. Sometimes the ladle has a wooden handle. The handle is long to reach the bottom of a deep pan. The size varies (approx. 8-16 cm diameter; approx. 25-63 cm long). To be distinguished from the lead spoon. [MOT]
Key for safety fuse type DIAZED
More technical information on our dutch pages. See also these safety fuse pliers. [MOT]
Larding needle
Laundry beater
In the past, the actual washing was done after the laundry was cooked. The lye and the already dissolved dirt, as well as the last stains had to be removed with soap. This was done by hand alone, on a washboard or with a laundry beater (approx. 30 by 10 cm). The latter is a wooden chip-shaped beater - to be distinguished from the cork driver and the iron beater - with which the laundry was tapped, which was placed on a stone or shelf. [MOT
Lathing hatchet
The lathing hatchet is a light hatchet - distinguishable from the roofer's hammer - of approx. 750 g with eye and with straight, relatively thin handle (approx. 30 cm), the iron of which, attached by one or two metal supports, ends in a square hammer opposite the blade. The top side of the blade is usually straight. In the underside one (sometimes two) notches is often forged to pull out nails. The cut is straight. Sometimes the whole tool, including the handle, is made of metal; the end of the stem is then placed in leather discs or in a wooden handle. However, these shapes seem to be rare in our regions. [MOT]
Lawn aerator (roller)
A lawn that is frequently used remains a beautiful green if it is cultivated with a lawn aerator. By preventing compaction of the soil, enough air, water and fertilizers are admitted to the roots. There are various means of aerating the lawn. One model of lawn aerator consists of two wheels that are connected to each other by 6 rods (approx. 35 cm), fitted with iron pins (approx. 8 cm; diam. 0.6 cm), and a bracket with protective cover and stem (approx. 100 cm). When the implement is pushed over the lawn, the pins - every 5-10 cm - end up in the ground at an angle of about 30 ° and are a suspension system put back in place. Another model is simply a spiked wooden roll that is a bracket is attached to a wooden shaft (1). For a small lawn you can also use aerator shoes. It is even more labor-intensive if you use a lawn aerator (spike). The tool - resembling a dibble - is provided with 2 to 4 conical or hollow cylindrical teeth (length approx. 5-10 cm; diam. Approx. 1 cm), which can be moved by means of presses the...
Lattice cutter
Lawn rake
Lawn mower (hand)
Leather shears
Leatherworker's shears (approx. 20 cm), one blade of which is rectangular (approx. 8 cm by 1 cm). The jaws are always kept perpendicular to the material to prevent irregular cutting edges in the leather. [MOT]
Lemon reamer
Liquid manure scoop
The liquid manure scoop is a large spoon with usually a hemispherical (galvanized) iron scoop blade (diam. Approx. 25-30 cm) attached to a long (approx. 120-140 cm) wooden handle. With this tool, the vulture is scooped out of the manure tub and spread over mainly pasture. Sometimes a bucket or an old lump nailed to a handle is also used for this. To be distinguished from the bucket with long stick used to scoop the manure from the cesspool into the manure tub. A similar spoon, but made of copper, was used in Germany instead of the bleacher's shovel (2). [MOT] (1) "Die grosse Wäsche'': 161.
Little digging fork
Small and light digging fork for crumbling the soil around trees and shrubs in the garden. It is also suitable for working in borders, flower beds and planters. Sports grass pitch maintainers use this fork to allow water to penetrate into moist areas of a lawn by poking holes in the ground to make the field suitable for playing.   This tool can be distinguished from the weeding fork that has a shorter (approx. 15-20 cm) stem and is therefore used while squatting. [MOT]
Lime and lemon squeezers
This hand tool is used to squeeze half slices or wedges of lemon or lime. Especially with tea, these tongs are offered together with the lemon slice. The disc is placed between the jaws of the forceps and the arms are pressed closed. The juice flows into the cup through the drain. Usually these pliers are made of metal. Like the lemon reamer, it serves to obtain only a few drops of juice. See also this lemon squeezer. [MOT]
Linnen smoother
Glass tool that closely resembles a small grindstone for pigment or a stamper, used to smooth linnen and, among other things, embroidery; the work surface is convex or has rounded corners. Just like the ironing wood, you do not heat the linnen smoother. [MOT]
Marking adze
This marking adze is an axe (1) with hammer - to be distinguished from the marking hammer of a lumberman - bearing the stamp of the owner of the forest or of the timber merchant. The forest ranger in particular uses this hand tool to mark trees (2). On the base or at about 1.20 m, a piece of bark is cut away with the ax and the stamp is struck on the white spot. Felled trees are marked on the cross-section, the ax is then useless. Conversely, sometimes only a strip of bark is cut off and then the stamp is not used; in the latter case, any ax can be used. [MOT] (1) Marking adze or marking axe. Both names are given synonymously for marking hammer (SALAMAN: 229). (2) The percussion stamp is rarely used for this (see, however, CHERBLANC who speaks of a broche à timbrer).
Marking gauge
The marking gauge (1) is to be distinguished from the cutting gauge and the scratch stock. More technical information on the dutch version of this page. [MOT] (1) ODATE: 26 translates the Japanse double marking gauge in "sickle gauge".
Long-handled halfmoon billhook
Billhook attached to a 1-2 m long handle. The cut is usually curved or hooked. The long-handled billhook is used to chop off blackberries, nettles and thorny bushes, and to trim trees along roads and streams, among other things. Some are called halfmoon, because off their specific shape. [MOT]
Marble pincers
Marble pinchers (1) are used by the marble worker to pinch off pieces of marble slabs (up to 3 cm thick) (2). The irregularities are then removed with the flat chisel. The marble pinchers consist of two wide (approx. 3 cm) jaws with a sharp cut parallel to each other and at right angles to the plane of the tool. The opening between the two jaws can be adjusted by adjusting screws from about 0.5 cm to about 3 cm. The arms consist of double levers. See also tongs for roof tiles and tile cutter pliers. [MOT] (1) proper name unknown. (2) a pitcher is used with hard stones and marble slabs thicker than 3 cm to knock off the excess stone with the help of a stonemason's hammer.
Lock mortise chisel
The lock mortise chisel is a curved chisel to hollow out small holes such as lock mortises. The bevel is very sharp to offer as little resistance as possible. [MOT]
Marking hammer (tanner)
Wooden hammer with a metal plate on the track, on which a pattern of small nails is attached; those nails can form letters or a figure. The tanner marks the skins with the stamp hammer: when beating the nails, they make holes in the animal skin. See also the marking hammer of a lumberman. [MOT]
Mash hammer
Steel hammer (approx. 1-2 kg) with two square, flat tracks, usually chamfered at the corners, and a short (approx. 20 cm) handle. The bricklayer uses the mash hammer for demolition work. In doing so, he hits the pinch bar with the hammer. Distinguished from the club hammer which is heavier and has a longer handle. [MOT
Mason's line
Measuring spoon
Meat tenderizer
To tenderize meat, one can use a meat pounder or a meat tenderizer. The latter is a wooden hammer - porcelain or aluminum is sometimes used - with a cylindrical or rectangular head with solid, pyramid-shaped buttons on both sides. There are often larger buttons on one side than on the other; for thick and thin cuts of meat respectively. These buttons can be cut from the wooden head, but this can also be a stainless steel plate with buttons attached to the face. The head of the meat mallet can also have an axe, ice pick (1) or steak greith (2) on one side. Another model has a handle on top instead of a hammer handle. [MOT] (1) See ''The Stanley Catalog Collection 1855-1898'': 64, 241. (2) CAMPBELL: 87.
Meat pounder
Kitchen utensil used to finely and tenderly beat fairly tough meat. It can be made entirely of wood and then resembles the laundry beater and the cork driver. It can also be metal; this heavier model (approx. 700-1200 gr) has a square blade that is flat at the bottom and has two sharp edges for trimming the meat after crushing. It can be made entirely of metal or stick in a wooden handle. See also the meat tenderizer and steak greith. [MOT]
Miner's axe
The mine timberer works all the mine wood with his axe. It is a hand tool of approx. 1 - 1.2 kg with usually a curved handle (approx. 40 cm), the edge of which (approx. 6 cm; the riveted iron is wider: approx. 9 cm) diagonally opposite the stem. The iron is made of one or two pieces. In the first case it is asymmetrical at the top and sometimes ends opposite the blade in a square hammer. In the other case, a rectangular blade is riveted to a U-shaped piece. The latter serves as an eye. [MOT]
Melting ladle
A melting ladle is a small metal or porcelain fireproof spoon (approx. 15 cm long) with a pouring spout, which jewelers like the goldsmith or silversmith use to melt wax. The wax makes a positive model that - once solidified - will be used to make a negative cast; the again positive casting in this mold will show the original model in every detail. See also the melting pot. [MOT]
Mortise axe, double
Mitre plane
Moss scraper
Hand tool with a flat and slightly L-shaped blade (approx. 7 cm by 7 cm) with a pointed tip, which has a fold on the back and front, and which is fixed in a wooden or plastic handle. It is used in the garden to remove dirt and weeds between tiles and stones (see also this tool); it can be used by pulling and pushing. With the back of the blade you can also scrape off soil from shovels or spades. See also this hand hook. [MOT]
Moulding plane
Mould board shovel
Mud scuppit
Usually wooden (approx. 40-60 cm x 15-20 cm), sometimes iron (approx. 25x35 cm) shovel (1) with raised edges and T-handle (approx. 65 cm) and usually a leather patch on top of the (wooden) blade. Sometimes a second handle is provided at the bottom of the handle (2). The wooden shovel is usually monoxile (except for the T-handle). The bosom shovel is used to scoop water or dredge from a ditch or liquid manure from a barge (3), also, by the brick and tile baker, to pour water over the clay during the preparation of that raw material. See also drag net, bleacher's shovel and sand shovel (brickmaker). [MOT] (1) SIRAG: 50. (2) Larousse Agricole: 1.523. (3) V.A.W.P.: 1.433.
Nail extractor
Nail puller is a general term for different levers and pliers for pulling out nails. The heavy versions are used by the shipwright, the lighter ones mainly to open boxes. The lever can be compared to the crowbar. For the same purpose the pincers or claw hammer are used by the carpenter. [MOT]
Nail driver
With the nail driver you can drive small nails without a hammer. It consists of a metal hollow shaft with spring mechanism that sticks into a wooden or plastic handle. The nail is inserted into the hollow shaft. By giving a firm blow to the head - which is wider and rounded - by hand, the nail goes into the material in one movement. [MOT]
Nail tongs
Toenails can easily be cut with nail tongs. As with the pocket nail-clippers, the jaws are sharp. The legs are crossed and sometimes a spring on one of the legs ensures that the tongs open automatically. [MOT]
Nail header