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??? What are these question marks doing here? These represent tools which we know by a Dutch or French term, but for which we couldn't find a proper English term. Suggestions are always welcome!

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Showing search results  551 - 600 1,386 results found
Flax retting driver
This wooden hand tool (1) is stamper-shaped for smoothing the top of the last bundles of flax in the retting boxes. It is a sturdy wooden board or block, about 35 cm long and 20 cm wide, with a flat bottom and one or two vertical handles at the top. The bundles of flax should not stick out too high in these retting boxes, which were soaked in river water. The tool is not to be confused with a brickmaker's tool. [MOT] (1) Proper name unknown.
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <>
Flemish scythe
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <>
Flesh fork
The flesh fork is used to take pieces of meat or bacon from a saucepan or to attach them to roast them on the fire. It is a fork with two, sometimes three tines and a long - often hook-shaped - handle (30 to 80 cm). It is usually made entirely of iron. See also the toasting fork. [MOT]
Fleshing knife
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <>
Flicker machine
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <>
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <>
Flooring cramp
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Flooring hand saw
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Flour sifter
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Flower shears
With these flower scissors you can cut and hold the stem of a flower. More information on the dutch version of this page. [MOT]
Fluted roller
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <>
Fluting plane
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <>
Fluting scissor
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Foam scraper
In geuze production, wild yeasts settle in during the cooling of the boiled wort through contact with the outside air. Afterwards, the brewer transfers the wort to wooden barrels where it continues to ferment for one to three years (1). With the foam scraper, a full iron scraper with a long handle (approx. 110 cm), the overflowing foam is scraped off the staves. See also the cooper's handle-scraper. [MOT] (1) The result of the fermentation is the 'lambic' beer.
Food mill
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <>
Forging hammer
The forging hammer is the tool of the blacksmith, with which he does all the forging work, whether or not together with a sledgehammer. It is a fairly heavy (approx. 500-2000 gr) hammer with a fairly thick wedge-shaped peen, which in some cases lies in the same direction as the handle (approx. 30-35 cm). The face is light-convex and the sharp edges must be carefully removed as otherwise the iron to be processed cannot be finished flat (1). Can be distinguished from some models of bench hammers that are lighter. See also the farrier's hammer. [MOT] (1) VAN DONGEN: 78.
Frame grip
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <>
Frame lifter
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Frame saw
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French cook's knife
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French-fry cutter
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Fret cutter
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Fret saw
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Fried-food skimmer
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Frizzing iron
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A froe-maul is a piece of hard round wood (including hornbeam) of about 30-40 cm, one end of which has been cut thinner to serve as a handle. With the froe-maul, the cooper strikes the cleaving knife and the lath maker, on the cleaving iron. [MOT]
Frozen-food knife
Serrated blade (about 20-30 cm) with a wooden or plastic handle that can be used to cut frozen food. The blade can have long, pointed teeth or a wide, sharp wave edge (compare bread knife and snow saw). It can also have a cut on the other side with which, for example, bread can be cut. [MOT]
Fruit picker
The fruit picker is a hand tool to pick the last fruit from a tall tree. For more technical information, see the dutch version of this tool file. [MOT]
Fruit press
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <>
Fruit spoon
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Fudge wheel
The fudge wheel has a grooved metal wheel (approx. 1.5-2 cm diameter) that is attached to a metal, sometimes slightly curved shaft, which is provided with a wooden handle. The total length is approximately 14-18 cm and the wheel has 3 to 7 grooves per centimeter. The shoemaker uses the fudge wheel to imitate a hand sewn seam on the top edge of the shoe sole or to secure the stitches on that edge; it is always heated before use. There are also fudge wheels with interchangeable wheels. The wooden handle is usually hollow and can be unscrewed so that the wheels can be stored in it. The wheel itself is held in place by a movable hook that closes around the axis. [MOT]
Funnel (coal)
During the baking of bricks in an annular kiln, small amounts of coal are added from above. The coal is poured into a long narrow funnel with a coal shovel (see coal scoop (brick maker)). It is held with the left hand while the right hand empties the full scoop. [MOT]
Funnel (kitchen)
Kitchen utensil (approx. 15-25 cm) with a hollow, cylindrical or conical container with a tube at the bottom. It can be wood, metal, glass or plastic. With a funnel it is easy to pour liquids or powdered substances through a narrow opening, eg a bottle neck. [MOT]
Funnel for liquid manure
The funnel for liquid manure (1). (1) Translation of the dutch word 'beertrechter'. The proper name in english is yet unknown.
Fur plier
Tongs (approx. 20-30 cm long) with long (approx. 8-10 cm), flat, transversely grooved jaws, one of which is shaded on the outside. Usually one arm is straight and the other bent. The furrier uses the tongs to smooth and nail the fur to let it dry. She is held in the right hand while the fur is put on with the left hand; then it is grasped by the edge with the pliers and a nail is placed on it, which is driven into the board by gently tapping it with the shaded underside of the jaw. See also these frame-maker's plier and upholsterer's pliers. [MOT]
Furrier's comb
The furrier's comb is a copper comb of which one half is set with large teeth (approx. 4 per cm) and the other half with finer teeth (approx. 7 per cm); the tips are always blunt so as not to damage the fur when combing. The furrier can also use another steel comb that is suitable for coarser material, eg that has been affected by moths, or for which the copper comb is not sharp enough. See also furrier's nail comb and seal comb.
Furrier's knife (standard)
Knife specially designed for fur work (approx. 10-15 cm long), completely made of metal and without handle, often with two copper beads, one on the high back and one on the flared end. The index finger then rests on the bulge on the back; the palm of the hand rests on the bulge on the end of the knife. There is also a model with an interchangeable blade and a model in pocket knife format (fur knife + small furrier's comb). When cutting, the fur is lifted with the left hand so far that the cut comes clear of the table; so the hair is not cut. [MOT]
Furrier's nail comb
Steel furrier comb with coarse teeth (approx. 1 cm long; approx. 2 mm wide) and a wooden handle. The comb is used to loosen the piece of skin that has been nailed to a wooden board to dry. Such a fur nail fits just between the teeth of the comb, so that the nail can be lifted out of the board. The point of the comb is kept flat on the board and with the right hand one makes an upward movement along the nails. The fur is prevented from being stretched by holding back the skin with the left hand when removing the nail. See also the furrier's comb and seal comb. [MOT]
Fuse puller
The electrician uses these safety fuse pliers to install and remove fuse cartridges. Depending on the type of cartridge - eg cylindrical cartridge, glass fuse CEHESS, etc. - and thus also on the number of volts, a different model of pliers is used. The tool consists of a plastic, formerly Bakelite, pliers (approx. 20 cm) with rounded jaws. Sometimes a rubber sleeve is included for handling glass fuses. For the cartridges of heavy fuses (up to 12000 V) formerly used in small processing plants (of eg lighting fixtures) a long (approx. 115 cm) (1) wooden tongs with porcelain insulators on the arms were used. The pliers may or may not be provided with a grounding in the form of a cable. See also the key for safety fuse type DIAZED. [MOT] (1) E & E: 353; mentions that these pliers come in two sizes and also shows another model.
Garden hoe
Hand tool that resembles the regular hoe, but is lighter (approx. 500-800 g) and also has a longer handle (approx. 120-150 cm). With this hoe, the gardener breaks the top layer of the soil to uproot weeds and / or, in case of drought, to reduce evaporation. In contrast to the regular hoe, this tool does not cut, but the blade is pulled superficially through the ground while pulling it back, and the weeds are possibly pushed loose again when cutting back. See also the scuffle hoe, small garden hoe, weeding hoe, hand cultivator. [MOT]
Garden line
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <>
Garden pulverizer
The garden pulverizer consists of 3 to 5 rotating star-shaped wheels (1) with a total working width of approx. 10-20 cm. Approx. 10 cm behind the wheels is a removable (2) narrow (approx. 3 cm) and movable hoe blade with upwardly curved ends. The wooden handle (approx. 150-170 cm) is inserted into a socket that is connected to the working part by means of a bracket. Together they form an angle of approx. 45 °. The garden pulverizer is mainly used after digging to crumble up clumps. It is also used to house fertilizer or seed or to aerate and work the soil between the rows of plants. With the scuffle hoe you can remove the weeds between the rows of plants. The whole is used with pushing and pulling movements. See also the hand harrow and grubber with long handle. [MOT] (1) Jules Simon's catalog: 80, shows a clod breaker with 2 rows of wheels to crumble heavier soil or used on large areas. (2) COENEN: 18 shows a model where the two working parts can be used separately.
Garden rake
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <>
Garden riddle
Flower bulbs or tubers, regular in shape, can be sorted by circumference, expressed in sieve size, by means of a garden riddle (1). The sieve openings are a little larger than the actual circumference measurement, especially if the shape is slightly irregular, as with tulips. The garden sieve consists of a number of separate wooden sieve plates (approx. 60 cm) in which there are holes of different diameters (approx. 2.5 cm; 3.5 cm; 4 cm; 4.5 cm). These rectangular or round plates fit in a wooden holder with which you can sort the bulbs or tubers in ascending size while shaking. [MOT] (1) Bulbs and tubers that are irregular in shape (and also rhizomes) are also sorted by size, expressed in 1st, 2nd and 3rd size but this is mainly done by hand.
Garden spade
Today it is a spade with an iron, more or less rectangular or triangular blade, about a third longer than it is wide (approx. 27 x 18 cm), which is an extension of a ball, T or D handle (1) . The size of the blade depends on the force required to lift and move the soil clod (2). The blade of the garden spade is sometimes provided with a footrest so as not to damage the shoe of the user. Exceptionally, an extension is attached to the top of the blade of the garden spade to use the tool as a spade (3). In the past, the garden spade was also made entirely of wood. She was shaken up then. Dimensions and shape of the blade can vary greatly. In Ireland there are even asymmetrical spades (4). The garden spade is used to dig the garden or field, to transplant crops and to dig (5). [MOT] (1) Tool length can vary widely depending on the region. In Belgium, for example, garden spades of about 110-120 cm are used, in Italy tools of 160 to 210 cm are used (see eg CENCELLI & LOTRIONE: 172). (2) For...
Gardener's trowel
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <>
Garlic mill
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Garlic press
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Gauge-glass cutter
(1) (1) Proper name unknown.