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??? What are these question marks doing here? These represent tools which we know by a Dutch or French term, but for which we couldn't find a proper English term. Suggestions are always welcome!

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Thatching knife
This thatcher's knife is a large knife (approx. 50 cm long) with a rounded edge that resembles the fish chopping knife but with a firmer blade. It is used by the roofer to trim reed or straw and he can occasionally use it to cut the twine of the reed bundles or the ribbon straw of the sheaves, similar to the sheaf-knife. [MOT]
Thinning scissors
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/1019?lang=nl>
Thistle spud
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/thistle-spud?lang=nl>
Thorn-hedge shears
Thorn-hedge shears are used to prune thorny shrubs and to cut branches that are too thick for the pruning shears (up to approx. 2,5-3 cm) The osier worker sometimes uses shears with bent arms to reduce the need to bend down to cut close to the ground. See also hedge shears. More technical information on the dutch version of this page. [MOT]
Three-eyed gimlet/Four-eyed gimlet (Japanese)
The text on the Japanese three-eyed and four-eyed gimlet can only be consulted in dutch.
Thrush poaching tool
This poaching tool was used in some regions in Belgium and France to catch thrushes or catbirds by cutting the bark of a tree to stretch a bow. The catbirds are attracted with berries. The equivalent English name of this tool is unknown. More technical information on this page in dutch. [MOT]
Ticket punch
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/245?lang=nl>
Tie press
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/tie-press?lang=nl>
Tie tongs
Railway workers can easily move railroad ties or sleepers with these carrying tongs. The jaws are adapted to the load as there are carrying tongs for road curbs, crucibles, railroad tracks, etc. The arms move away from each other so that they automatically clamp when the tool is lifted. These tongs are one of the few tongs that are handled by two people. See also the two handled lifting tongs of a lumberman. [MOT]
Tie wire twister
The tie wire twister is primarily used, among others by the farmer and the miller, to close (large) bags with a thin (approx. 1 mm) iron wire that is provided with a loop at both ends where the hook-shaped end of the twister is picked up. By pulling the (spring back) handle over the screw thread, the binding wire is twisted together. The steel bender also uses this tool to bind the reinforcing bars - eg floor slabs - together into a net. A wire is tied around every intersection. The thatcher use the bag binder when tying the reeds to the band rods with iron wire (1).See also the wire twisting pliers. [MOT] (1) They used to tie a knot in a toe (TREFOIS 1942: 188).
Tile chipping pincers
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/291?lang=nl>
Tile cutter pliers
The tiler breaks tiles to size with these tile cutting pliers. First, you draw a straight line where you want to break off the tile and then you cut the glaze layer with a tile cutter. Finally, hold the tile on the line with the pliers and squeeze the pliers closed. The tile breaks off exactly at that place. The jaws are adapted to the purpose: the lower jaw is narrow and exerts a lot of pressure in one place to break the tile. The upper jaw is wide and winged and stops the tile. The wings are slightly bent so that the pressure is further increased. There is also a wheel on the lower jaw to roll a little further each time when the tile is broken. See also these tongs for roof tiles and marble pincers. [MOT]
Tile mould
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/tile-mould?lang=nl>
Tile scriber
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/370?lang=nl>
Timber girthing sword
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/timber-girthing-sword?lang=nl>
Timber scribe
The timber scribe is used to mark trees to be felled by cutting a strip of bark, also to indicate - when unloading a ship - the number of beams of a raft (1). The timber scribe has a metal blade with a U-shaped end and a wooden or horn handle of 10-15 cm. One side of the U is sharp (cf. clog maker's scribe, beam scribe, rubber tapping knife). Some timber scribes have a foldable blade and some sort of plate to protect the hand. See also the hoof cleaning knife. [MOT] (1) JANSEN: 117.
Timber tongs (1 handled) / lifting tongs (2 handled)
The lifting tongs are a hand tool for carrying or towing relatively light tree trunks, telephone poles, etc. The lifting tongs for two men consists of two metal hooks that are hinged to each other and are attached to the center of a wooden stick (approx. 100-150 cm). Often the hooks can also rotate. The stick is grasped by two men walking on either side of the trunk. Due to the weight, the points stick into the wood. The pole should be about one meter longer than the center line of the trunks to prevent the legs of the porters from rubbing against it. The timber tongs for one man are a small tool (approx. 30 cm) with a number of interacting levers between handle and hooks (approx. 10 cm). It is operated by one man and is used to carry relatively short pieces. The tool can be distinguished from the tie tongs for rails and the wood hook. [MOT]
Toasting fork
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/toasting-fork?lang=nl>
Tobacco knife
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/tobacco-knife?lang=nl>
Toby key
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/toby-key?lang=nl>
Toby key for Vignoles rail
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/toby-key-for-vignoles-rail?lang=nl>
Toe knife
The toe knife is usually a full metal blade without handle, with a long straight cut (between 15 and 35 cm); there is also a model with handle and a short (approx. 7 cm) active part. The back of the toe knife is wide (5 mm), so that the farrier can hit it with his shoeing hammer. With the knife, the excess horn is cut away from the horse's hoof. Thus, the hoof is prepared for attaching a horseshoe. As for shape, confusion is possible with a mason's tool to cut bricks to size. See also horse rasp. [MOT]
Tolliker
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/tolliker?lang=nl>
Tomato slicer
Tomatoes are cut into equal, thin slices with a tomato slicer. He has eleven saw blades (approx. 10 cm long) in a rectangular window with a straight handle. When you place the tomato slicer on top of the tomato, you can cut it with a sawing movement. It can also be held at an angle while the tomato is pushed back and forth over the saws slightly from above (1). If necessary, there is an accompanying slide with which you can push the last piece of the tomato through the slicer, without risk to the fingers. [MOT] (1) CAMPBELL: 68.
Tongs for removing thistles
The farmer can pull out weeds with long, deep roots such as thistles with these thistle tongs. These large wooden tongs (approx. 90 cm) often have ribbed jaws for a better grip. They are placed on the plant and carefully pulled out. The roots are often very deep and break easily. It is therefore best to perform this work when the soil is very moist and gives a little bit. See also this weed extractor and the thistle spud. [MOT]
Tongs for tiles
Sometimes the roof tiler has to remove a piece of a roof tile in order to install it. He often does this with a trowel (see mason's trowel), although that is not an ideal treatment for that tool. Some tilers therefore use pliers that resemble large carpenter's pincers. However, the rafter has narrower jaws, which do not close completely because a rod between the arms keeps them at a certain distance from each other. Often one arm ends in a hook to hang the pliers from a roof bar when not in use. See also tile pincers and marble pincers. [MOT]
Tongue pliers
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/tongue-pliers?lang=nl>
Tongue trowel
Hand tool with a rounded, elongated (approx. 13-20 cm) blade that protrudes into an upwardly curved handle. The tool is used by the bricklayer and plasterer. Can be distinguished from this trowel, but has a wider blade (approx. 4-7 cm). [MOT]
Tongueing plane
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/tongueing-plane?lang=nl>
Tongueing plane
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/tongueing-plane-2?lang=nl>
Tonsil elevator
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/769?lang=nl>
Tooth brush
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/tooth-brush?lang=nl>
Toothing plane
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/toothing-plane?lang=nl>
Top fuller
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/top-fuller?lang=nl>
Top swage
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/top-swage?lang=nl>
Topping axe
When cutting down large trees, it is sometimes necessary to remove their crowns first to prevent the tree from hanging, to reduce weight and prevent cracking, etc. This is usually done with a topping axe. It is a light axe of about 0.8 to 1.5 kg with a relatively narrow (6.5-7 cm) and long (20-27 cm) blade, on a handle of 40-50 cm. The specialized craftsman is on his climbing irons and is stopped by a rope. He usually works with one hand. If the lumberjack does the work himself, he often uses the woodman's axe. [MOT]
Tourists'set
If you need a knife and fork while traveling, this tourists' set is a solution. It consists of a knife and a dinner fork, which are held together during transport by sliding them together, connecting them with a clasp or by putting them in a pouch. In some cases there is also the option to store a tablespoon (1). See also the camping knife and pocket knife. [MOT] (1) Eg. "Richard Abr. Herder stahlwaren- und werkzeugfabrik'': 189.
Training fighting knife
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/training-fighting-knife?lang=nl>
Transplanter
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/transplanter?lang=nl>
Traveller (wheelwright)
Measuring tool consisting of a disc or wheel (approx. 20 cm) that rotates on an axis fixed in an iron or wooden handle. Disc or wheel can be made of wood, iron or a combination of both (1). Usually there is a radial mark. After the wheelwright has driven the rims on the spokes (see also spoke dog) the wheel returns to the blacksmith to be ironed. That craftsman measures the circumference of the wheel by rolling the traveller over the wheel and transferring the same number of rotations to the iron band. Then he can chop or cut it to the desired length. The tracing wheel is also used sporadically by the millwright when covering the millstone with iron hoops. See also the wheeled verge cutter. [MOT] (1) NEDERLOF: 20.
Tree pruner
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/tree-pruner?lang=nl>
Tree pruning shears
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/tree-pruning-shears?lang=nl>
Tree-felling gaff
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/tree-felling-gaff?lang=nl>
Tree-felling wedge
The felling wedge is an approx. 30 cm long wooden wedge that is driven into the saw cut when felling thick trees to prevent the saw from jamming and to make the tree fall in the right direction. Usually two or three are used together. These wedges can also prevent the saw from jamming when cutting the felled tree into pieces. A splitting wedge is sometimes used instead of the felling wedge. [MOT]
Trimmer (hairdresser)
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/trimmer-hairdresser?lang=nl>
Trimmer for horses and cattle
In addition to the hairdresser's trimmer, and those for dogs and sheep, there is a larger model for horses and cattle. It is quite heavy (almost 400 gr) and is used with both hands. Two metal arms, which rotate on a spindle, each end in turn in a rectangular blade, which is mounted either forwards or sideways. The lower rectangular blade is larger (about 8 cm by 4 cm) than the top one (about 7.5 cm by 3.5 cm) and both have 32 teeth for the horses on the upper long side. By moving the arms apart or together, the serrated blades slide horizontally over each other. The hair that ends up between the teeth is cut off in no time. The same model but with 17 teeth is used for cattle. See also the dog dresser's knife and the trimmer for dogs and sheep. [MOT]
Trocar
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/trocar?lang=nl>
Trouser press
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/trouser-press?lang=nl>
Trowel board
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/trowel-board?lang=nl>
Trowel chisel (Japanese)
This text can only be consulted in Dutch <https://www.mot.be/resource/Tool/trowel-chisel-japanese?lang=nl>