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??? What are these question marks doing here? These represent tools which we know by a Dutch or French term, but for which we couldn't find a proper English term. Suggestions for a name are always welcome!

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Foam scraper
In geuze production, wild yeasts settle in during the cooling of the boiled wort through contact with the outside air. Afterwards, the brewer transfers the wort to wooden barrels where it continues to ferment for one to three years (1). With the foam scraper, a full iron scraper with a long handle (approx. 110 cm), the overflowing foam is scraped off the staves. See also the cooper's handle-scraper. [MOT] (1) The result of the fermentation is the 'lambic' beer.
Fluting scissor
Fluting plane
Fleshing knife
Flooring cramp
Frame grip
Fluted roller
Flooring hand saw
Flat chisel
Bone folder
Elongated tool (approx. 20 cm long; approx. 2 cm wide) usually made of bone, but possibly also horn, wood or ivory with rounded edges. One short side is more pointed than the other. The folder from boxwood is mainly used for folding sheets coming out of printing (1). The folder made of bone is used by the bookbinder to flatten the corners and edges of the cover of a book and to press the crease in the spine. It is made of bone because this material does not leave a permanent crease mark in the paper or leather. See also the paperknife and polishing bone. [MOT]
Forging hammer
The forging hammer is the tool of the blacksmith, with which he does all the forging work, whether or not together with a sledgehammer. It is a fairly heavy (approx. 500-2000 gr) hammer with a fairly thick wedge-shaped peen, which in some cases lies in the same direction as the handle (approx. 30-35 cm). The face is light-convex and the sharp edges must be carefully removed as otherwise the iron to be processed cannot be finished flat (1). Can be distinguished from some models of bench hammers that are lighter. See also the farrier's hammer. [MOT] (1) VAN DONGEN: 78.
Frame lifter
French-fry cutter
Fret saw
Frame saw
Fret cutter
French cook's knife
Fried-food skimmer
Fudge wheel
The fudge wheel has a grooved metal wheel (approx. 1.5-2 cm diameter) that is attached to a metal, sometimes slightly curved shaft, which is provided with a wooden handle. The total length is approximately 14-18 cm and the wheel has 3 to 7 grooves per centimeter. The shoemaker uses the fudge wheel to imitate a hand sewn seam on the top edge of the shoe sole or to secure the stitches on that edge; it is always heated before use. There are also fudge wheels with interchangeable wheels. The wooden handle is usually hollow and can be unscrewed so that the wheels can be stored in it. The wheel itself is held in place by a movable hook that closes around the axis. [MOT]
Frozen-food knife
Serrated blade (about 20-30 cm) with a wooden or plastic handle that can be used to cut frozen food. The blade can have long, pointed teeth or a wide, sharp wave edge (compare bread knife and snow saw). It can also have a cut on the other side with which, for example, bread can be cut. [MOT]
Fruit press
Frizzing iron
Fruit picker
The fruit picker is a hand tool to pick the last fruit from a tall tree. For more technical information, see the dutch version of this tool file. [MOT]
A froe-maul is a piece of hard round wood (including hornbeam) of about 30-40 cm, one end of which has been cut thinner to serve as a handle. With the froe-maul, the cooper strikes the cleaving knife and the lath maker, on the cleaving iron. [MOT]
Funnel (coal)
During the baking of bricks in an annular kiln, small amounts of coal are added from above. The coal is poured into a long narrow funnel with a coal shovel (see coal scoop (brick maker)). It is held with the left hand while the right hand empties the full scoop. [MOT]
Fruit spoon
Fur plier
Tongs (approx. 20-30 cm long) with long (approx. 8-10 cm), flat, transversely grooved jaws, one of which is shaded on the outside. Usually one arm is straight and the other bent. The furrier uses the tongs to smooth and nail the fur to let it dry. She is held in the right hand while the fur is put on with the left hand; then it is grasped by the edge with the pliers and a nail is placed on it, which is driven into the board by gently tapping it with the shaded underside of the jaw. See also these frame-maker's plier and upholsterer's pliers. [MOT]
Garden hoe
Hand tool that resembles the regular hoe, but is lighter (approx. 500-800 g) and also has a longer handle (approx. 120-150 cm). With this hoe, the gardener breaks the top layer of the soil to uproot weeds and / or, in case of drought, to reduce evaporation. In contrast to the regular hoe, this tool does not cut, but the blade is pulled superficially through the ground while pulling it back, and the weeds are possibly pushed loose again when cutting back. See also the scuffle hoe, small garden hoe, weeding hoe, hand cultivator. [MOT]
Furrier's knife (standard)
Knife specially designed for fur work (approx. 10-15 cm long), completely made of metal and without handle, often with two copper beads, one on the high back and one on the flared end. The index finger then rests on the bulge on the back; the palm of the hand rests on the bulge on the end of the knife. There is also a model with an interchangeable blade and a model in pocket knife format (fur knife + small furrier's comb). When cutting, the fur is lifted with the left hand so far that the cut comes clear of the table; so the hair is not cut. [MOT]
Furrier's comb
The furrier's comb is a copper comb of which one half is set with large teeth (approx. 4 per cm) and the other half with finer teeth (approx. 7 per cm); the tips are always blunt so as not to damage the fur when combing. The furrier can also use another steel comb that is suitable for coarser material, eg that has been affected by moths, or for which the copper comb is not sharp enough. See also furrier's nail comb and seal comb.
Funnel (kitchen)
Kitchen utensil (approx. 15-25 cm) with a hollow, cylindrical or conical container with a tube at the bottom. It can be wood, metal, glass or plastic. With a funnel it is easy to pour liquids or powdered substances through a narrow opening, eg a bottle neck. [MOT]
Gardener's trowel
Flesh fork
The flesh fork is used to take pieces of meat or bacon from a saucepan or to attach them to roast them on the fire. It is a fork with two, sometimes three tines and a long - often hook-shaped - handle (30 to 80 cm). It is usually made entirely of iron. See also the toasting fork. [MOT]
Funnel for liquid manure
The funnel for liquid manure (1). (1) Translation of the dutch word 'beertrechter'. The proper name in english is yet unknown.
Food mill
Garden rake
Garden pulverizer
The garden pulverizer consists of 3 to 5 rotating star-shaped wheels (1) with a total working width of approx. 10-20 cm. Approx. 10 cm behind the wheels is a removable (2) narrow (approx. 3 cm) and movable hoe blade with upwardly curved ends. The wooden handle (approx. 150-170 cm) is inserted into a socket that is connected to the working part by means of a bracket. Together they form an angle of approx. 45 °. The garden pulverizer is mainly used after digging to crumble up clumps. It is also used to house fertilizer or seed or to aerate and work the soil between the rows of plants. With the scuffle hoe you can remove the weeds between the rows of plants. The whole is used with pushing and pulling movements. See also the hand harrow and grubber with long handle. [MOT] (1) Jules Simon's catalog: 80, shows a clod breaker with 2 rows of wheels to crumble heavier soil or used on large areas. (2) COENEN: 18 shows a model where the two working parts can be used separately.
Glass cutter
Glazing iron
The shoemaker uses this hand tool to give shine to the leather, especially to the sole and heel. It has a beaked, iron, relatively wide (about 2 cm) head attached to a wooden handle. After wax or polish has been applied, the hot glazing iron is rubbed over the leather.Some glazing irons have one stepped side that can be rubbed over the edge of the sole. [MOT]
Garlic press
Glue iron
Gauge-glass cutter
(1) (1) Proper name unknown.